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City of Tempe

  •   State: 
    Maricopa County
      County FIPS: 
    33°24′46″N 111°56′35″W
      Area total: 
    40.15 sq mi
      Area land: 
    39.94 sq mi (103.45 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.21 sq mi (0.54 km²)
    1,181 ft (360 m)
    Incorporated October 15, 1892
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler, AZ
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Arizona does not observe daylight saving time.
      ZIP codes: 

    Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    4,521.34 residents per square mile of area (1,745.72/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Tempe (tem-PEE;) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, with the Census Bureau reporting a 2020 population of 180,587. The city is named after the Vale of Tempe in Greece. Tempe is located in the East Valley section of metropolitan Phoenix; it is bordered by Phoenix and Guadalupe on the west, Scottsdale and the Salt River PimaMaricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler on the south, and Mesa on the east. Tempe also the location of the main campus of Arizona State University, which was established in 1894 and is known as Arizona State Normal School, Arizona State Teachers College, Arizona state College and finallyArizona State University. The total water area is 032% including water, Salt River Lake, Phoenix, Chandler and Mesa, except for Tempe, which is generally flat, except except for Chandler to the south and the north to the east, and Tempe to the north and east to the west and south respectively. The average income of the city is $50,000, the average house price is $40,000 and the average cost of living is $30,000. The median household income is $43,500, and the median household wealth is $52,500. It is estimated that the city has a population of 2.2 million. The population of the state of Arizona is 2.3 million, including the city of Phoenix, Phoenix and the town of Mesa.


Tempe is the primary city name, but also Guadalupe are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Tempe. The Hohokam lived in this area and built canals to support their agriculture. They abandoned their settlements during the 15th century, with a few individuals and families remaining nearby. Fort McDowell was established approximately 25 mi (40 km) northeast of present downtown Tempe on the upper Salt River in 1865. US military service members and Hispanic workers were hired to grow food and animal feed to supply the fort. The Tempe Irrigating Canal Company was soon established by William Kirkland and James McKinney to provide water for alfalfa, wheat, barley, oats, and cotton. The completion of Roosevelt Dam in 1911 guaranteed enough water to meet the growing needs of Valley farmers. In 1971, Tempe was hit by a rare F2 tornado that injured 41 people, the most injuries recorded from a tornado in Arizona. The Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad, built in 1887, crossed the Salt River at Tempe, linking the town to the nation's growing transportation system. In 1965, Warren and Carol Livingston were the first African Americans to buy property in Tempe. Tempe became an economic hub for the surrounding agricultural area. The city incorporated in 1894. In 1885, the 13th Arizona Territorial Legislature chose Tempe for the site of the Territorial Normal School, which became Arizona State Teachers College, Arizona State College and finally Arizona State University. In the 20th and 21st centuries Tempe has expanded as a suburb of Phoenix, and as a center of education and commerce.


The city of Tempe is located in the central part of the state of Arizona. It is bordered by Mesa to the east, Pima County to the north, and Chandler to the west. The city has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104 km²), of which 0.26 km² is water. The highest point in the city is 1,495 feet (456 m) above sea level. The lowest point is at 1,000 feet (300 m) below sea level in the town of Pueblo de Santa Catalina, on the edge of the Yavapai National Forest. The town is home to the University of Arizona, which was founded in 1858. The university is located on the east side of the city, in a valley known as "The Valley of the Sun" It is the only city in the state to have its own airport, which is located at the base of a mountain called "The Mesa" The city's highest point is the 1,500-foot (350-meter) summit of "The Mountain of the Mountain", which is also known as the "Mountain of the Mountains" The town's highest peak is the 2,000-foot-high "Tempe Peak" at the top of the mountain. The tallest peak in the area is the 4,000ft (1,200m) peak of "Pioneer Peak" which is the highest point of the Phoenix area. The largest city in Arizona is the city of Phoenix, which has a population of more than 1.2 million.


As of the 2010 census, there were 161,719 people, 63,602 households, and 33,645 families residing in the city. There were 67,068 housing units at an average density of 1,674.1 per square mile (646.4/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 2.9%. Native American, 5%.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 8.5%. 21.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The median income for a household in theCity was $42,361, and the median income. for a family was $55,237. The per capita income for the City was $22,406. About 13.6% of those under the age of 18 and 5.1% ofThose age 65 or over were living below the poverty line. The city's population is expected to grow to more than 161,000 by the end of the next decade. The population is predicted to grow at a rate of 0.7% per year until the year 2050. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city will have a population of 1.2 million by the year 2026. It is expected that the population will grow to 1.3 million by that time. It has a population density of 3,959.4 inhabitants per squaremile (1,528.7/ km²).


Tempe is the headquarters and executive office of one Fortune 500 company: DriveTime. Carvana, NortonLifeLock, First Solar, the Salt River Project, Circle K, and Fulton Homes are also headquartered in Tempe. Tempe prides itself in assisting burgeoning businesses and has a variety of resources and programs available, such as FABRiC and BRiC. It was the longtime host of the Fiesta Bowl, although the BCS game moved to University of Phoenix Stadium, located in Glendale, in 2007. It then began hosting the Insight Bowl which is now known as the Guaranteed Rate Bowl. The city was the location of the first IKEA branch in Arizona, also near the southern boundary. One of Arizona's largest shopping malls, Arizona Mills, sits near the border with the town of Guadalupe. With the completion of Tempe Town Lake, commercial and high-rise development along the reservoir quickly transformed the cityscape of Mill Avenue and the skyline of downtown Tempe in the 1980s and 1990s. The spring training host city of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Tempe is also home to the Arizona Diamondbacks baseball team. The top employers in the city are: Edward Jones Investments and State Farm Insurance. The Tempe Center for the Arts is home to several performance venues, including Gammage Auditorium and the Tempe center for the arts. The City was the site of one of the three Presidential debates in 2004, and Super Bowl XXX was played at Sun Devil Stadium. Mill Avenue is a shopping and entertainment area popular with pedestrians and students.

Arts and culture

Tempe enjoyed a thriving alternative music scene throughout the 1980s and '90s. Many of the reasons people visit Tempe are places and events, such as P. F. Chang's Rock 'n' Roll Arizona Marathon & 1/2 Marathon, Tempe Marketplace, Arizona Mills, Mill Avenue, and Tempe Town Lake. There are numerous properties in the city of Tempe which are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places. The Tempe Public Art Program coordinates artists with building designers to install permanent and temporary public art projects. The Art in Private Development ordinance of 1991 has helped add more than 60 privately owned pieces of art to the city, accessible by the public. The city's history museum explores local history through collections, research services, exhibits, and programs. It is located on Mill Avenue's downtown district, and the city's public library is on the second floor of the Tempe Center for the Arts, located on the third floor of a multi-story building. The town is home to the Arizona Museum of Natural History, which was founded in 1872 and is the oldest museum in the state. It has a collection of more than 2,000 pieces of public art, many of which have been commissioned by the city. It also has a public library, which is the only public library in Tempe. It's located in the center of the city on the first floor of what is now the Arizona Center for The Arts, which opened in 2007.


The Arizona State University Sun Devils compete in football, basketball, baseball, as well as a number of other sports in the Pac-12 Conference of the NCAA. The Sun Devil Stadium had hosted the annual Fiesta Bowl, until the 2007 game moved to the new University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale. The Los Angeles Angels have their spring training at Tempe Diablo Stadium. The Angels moved to Tempe in 1993 from Palm Springs, California. The Arizona Hotshots of the Alliance of American Football played their one season in Tempe. The league folded before the season was completed. The Tempe "Old Devils" Rugby Club is part of the Arizona Rugby Union. The club has men's and women's clubs ranging from collegiate and Under 19s to collegiate and under 19s. Notable clubs include Arizona State Rugby Football Club and the Tempe 'Old Devils' Rugby Club.

Parks and recreation

Tempe is home to many outdoor activities. Papago and South Mountain Parks offer hiking, mountain and road biking, rock climbing, disc golf, and equestrian activities. In the downtown area of Tempe (at ASU campus) the 300 foot tall Tempe Butte hosts several hiking and cycling trails. Tempe is also home to the annual Ironman Triathlon, which takes place in late November. In 2013, 2.7 million people visited Tempe Town Lake, which is a publicly accessible lake that is run by the City ofTempe. The lake provides recreation activities to residents and tourists, but also helps protect the surrounding area from flooding. It is estimated that more than 1.5 million people used the lake in 2013. In 2012, the city had a record number of visitors, with more than 2.4 million people visiting the lake that year. The city also has a number of other outdoor activities, such as rock climbing and mountain biking, that are open to the public. In addition to the city's many parks, Tempe also has its own airport, which has a heliport and airport terminal, as well as an airport that is open to tourists. The airport is one of the busiest airports in the U.S. and is located in the Phoenix area. It has a population of more than 3 million people, making it the second largest airport in the United States after San Francisco. In 2011, the airport had a capacity of 1.2 million people.


The city has had 33 mayors since 1894. Tempe is in Arizona's 9th Congressional District, served by Representative Greg Stanton (D) The city is located in the central part of the state. The city has a population of 1.6 million. The mayor of Tempe has been in office since 1994. The City is in the state's central part, in the center of Arizona, and in the north part of Arizona's central region. It is located on the Arizona Turnpike. The state's capital is Tempe, Arizona, which is located at the base of the Arizona/California border. The U.S. state of Arizona is at the top of the list of states with the highest percentage of residents who live in Tempe. It also has the highest proportion of residents living in the Phoenix area, at 1.7 million. It has a high percentage of Latinos, at 2.4 percent. The town has a low percentage of white residents, at 0.7 percent. It's in the middle of the desert, and has a small percentage of Hispanic residents. It was founded in 1894, and is the oldest city in Arizona. The first mayor was elected in 1896. The current mayor is in his second term, and the city's last mayor was in 2000. The last mayor has been elected in 2010. The most recent mayor, in 2012, was in his third term, in a term that began in 2008, and he has been re-elected in 2014.


Tempe is home to Arizona State University, one of the state's three major universities. It is also the home of several other schools, including the University of Phoenix, Brookline College, Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, Southwest Institute of Healing Arts, Bryan University and Lamson Junior College. Tempe is served by multiple school districts, including Kyrene School District, Scottsdale Unified School District (K12), and Mesa Public Schools (K 12) James Madison Preparatory School and Tempe Preparatory Academy are also located in the area. Emmanuel Lutheran School is a Christian Pre-K8 grade school of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod in Tempe. The city is also home to the Maricopa County Community College District administrative offices and the headquarters of Rio Salado Community College. The Tempe International Airport is a major hub for air travel in the state of Arizona. The airport is one of only a handful of airports in the U.S. to offer direct flights to and from the city of Tempe, along with the Phoenix International Airport and the Yuma International Airport. It also serves as a gateway to the rest of the Phoenix area and the Phoenix metropolitan area. It was the first airport in the United States to be built in the early 20th century, and was the second to be completed in the mid-20th century. It has a population of 1.2 million, making it the third largest city in Arizona after Phoenix and Phoenix.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona = 13.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 65. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Tempe = 6.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 180,587 individuals with a median age of 32 age the population grows by 11.18% in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,521.34 residents per square mile of area (1,745.72/km²). There are average 2.41 people per household in the 70,939 households with an average household income of $48,198 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.50% of the available work force and has dropped -4.50% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.50%. The number of physicians in Tempe per 100,000 population = 199.1.


The annual rainfall in Tempe = 8.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 36. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 300. 104 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 33.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona which are owned by the occupant = 47.22%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 28 years with median home cost = $200,970 and home appreciation of -17.38%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.57 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,026 per student. There are 18.5 students for each teacher in the school, 381 students for each Librarian and 639 students for each Counselor. 7.47% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 25.19% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 14.53% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Tempe's population in Maricopa County, Arizona of 2,384 residents in 1900 has increased 75,75-fold to 180,587 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 48.05% female residents and 51.95% male residents live in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona.

    As of 2020 in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona are married and the remaining 56.72% are single population.

  • 22.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Tempe require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.22% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.39% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.93% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.19% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona, 47.22% are owner-occupied homes, another 47.47% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.31% are vacant.

  • The 38.82% of the population in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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