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Santa Monica

City of Santa Monica

  •   State: 
    Los Angeles County
    Santa Monica
      County FIPS: 
    34°01′19″N 118°28′53″W
      Area total: 
    16.00 sq mi (41.43 km²)
      Area land: 
    8.41 sq mi (21.80 km²)
      Area water: 
    7.58 sq mi (19.64 km²)
    105 ft (32 m)
    Incorporated November 30, 1886
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    11,067 residents per square mile of area (4,273/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Santa Monica is a city in Los Angeles County, situated along Santa Monica Bay on California's South Coast. Santa Monica's 2020 U.S. Census population was 93,076. It has a diverse economy, hosting headquarters of companies such as Hulu, Universal Music Group, Lionsgate Films, and The Recording Academy. The first non-indigenous group to set foot in the area was the party of explorer Gaspar de Portolà, which camped near the present-day intersection of Barrington and Ohio Avenues on August 3, 1769. The city developed into a seaside resort during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the creation of tourist attractions such as Palisades Park, the Santa Monica Pier, Ocean Park, and the Hotel Casa del Mar. In 1924, four Douglas-built planes took off from Clover Field to attempt the first aerial circumnavigation of the world. Two of the planes returned after covering 27,553 miles (44,342 km) in 175 days, and were greeted by a crowd of 27,000 people on September 23, 1924. In the 1930s, corruption infected Santa Monica (along with neighboring Los Angeles). The federal Works Project Administration helped build several buildings, most notably City Hall and the Post Office. The main building is now part of theSanta Monica Hostel, which is home to a hostel for homeless people. The town's first hotel was the Santa Monica Hotel, which opened in 1885.


The first non-indigenous group to set foot in the area was the party of explorer Gaspar de Portolà on August 3, 1769. In 1839, Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado granted Rancho San Vicente y Santa Mónica to Francisco Sepúlveda II. By 1885, the town's first hotel was the Santa Monica Hotel. Donald Wills Douglas Sr. built a plant in 1922 at Clover Field (Santa Monica Airport) for the Douglas Aircraft Company. In 1924, four Douglas-built planes took off from Clover Field to attempt the first aerial circumnavigation of the world. The RAND Corporation began as a project of the Douglas Company in 1945, and spun off into an independent think tank on May 14, 1948. In 1958, the first African American community, Belmar, was eliminated in the city. The city has two hospitals: Saint John's Health Center and Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center. Santa Monica has several local newspapers, including Santa Monica Mirror, The Daily Press, and The Santa Monica Star. Its cemetery is Woodlawn Memorial Park, which is home to a cemetery for the California Angels football team and the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team. It has a population of 15.61, with 15,61,61 people living in Santa Monica and 15.1,000 in Los Angeles. It is the home of the California Institute of the Arts, which was founded in 1966. It was named after the feast day of Saint Monica (mother of Saint Augustine), but her feast day is May 4.


Santa Monica rests on a mostly flat slope that angles down toward Ocean Avenue and toward the south. High bluffs separate the north side of the city from the beaches. The hottest temperature ever reported in Santa Monica was 101 °F (38 °C) on November 1, 1966. The wettest year on record is 1998, with a total of 25.4 inches (650 mm) of rainfall; the driest is 1989. Santa Monica adopted a goal of achieving an 80% cut in carbon emissions by 2030, reaching community-wide carbon neutrality by 2050. Eighty-two percent of the public works vehicles run on alternative fuels, including most of the municipal bus system. The city is in USDA plant hardiness zone 11a. It is one of the first cities in the nation to formally adopt a comprehensive sustainability plan, setting waste reduction and water conservation policies for both public and private sector through its Office of Sustainability and the Environment. In February 2019, it switched over to electricity from the Clean Power Alliance, a citywide default of 100% renewably renewably sourced energy. It has a coastal Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb). It enjoys an average of 310 days of sunshine a year. Because of its location, nestled on the vast and open Santa Monica Bay, morning fog is a common phenomenon in May, June, July and early August (caused by ocean temperature variations and currents) It will sometimes stay cloudy and cool all day during June, even as other parts of the Los Angeles area enjoy sunny skies.


As of the census of 2000, there were 84,084 people, 44,497 households, and 16,775 families in the city. As of the 2010 United States Census, Santa Monica had a median household income of $73,649, with 11.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. The city of Santa Monica is consistently among the most educated cities in the United States, with 23.8 percent of all residents holding graduate degrees. The population was spread out, with 12,580 people under the age of 18, 6,442 people (7.2%) aged 18 to 24, 32,552 people (36.3%) aged 25 to 44, 24,746 people (27.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 13,416 people (15.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.87. There were 47,863 housing units at an average density of 5,794.0 per square mile (2,237.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.29% White, 7.25% Asian, 3.78% African American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 5.97% from other races, and 4.13% from two or more races. The Census reported 87,610 people (97.6% of. the population) lived in households, 1,299 (1.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 827 (0.9%) were institutionalized.


Santa Monica is home to the headquarters of many notable businesses, such as Beachbody, Fatburger, Hulu, Illumination, Otter Media, Lionsgate Films, Macerich, Miramax, the RAND Corporation, Saban Capital Group, The Recording Academy (which presents the annual Grammy Awards), TOMS Shoes, and Universal Music Group. The National Public Radio member station KCRW is on the Santa Monica College campus. VCA Animal Hospitals is just outside the eastern city limit. A number of game development studios are based in Santa Monica, making it a major location for the industry. Santa Monica has emerged as the center of the Los Angeles region called Silicon Beach, and serves as the home of hundreds of venture capital funded startup companies. Former Santa Monica businesses include Douglas Aircraft (now merged with Boeing), GeoCities, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, and MySpace (now headquartered in Beverly Hills). According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were: Activision Blizzard, Naughty Dog, Riot Games, Treyarch, and PUBG Corporation. The city's economy is considered one of the fastest growing in the United States, with an unemployment rate of less than 5%. The city has a population of 1.2 million. The average household income is $75,000. The median household income in the U.S. is $60,000, and the average household wealth is $80,000 .

Arts and culture

Santa Monica has three main shopping districts: Montana Avenue on the north side, the Downtown District in the city's core, and Main Street on the south end. The Downtown District is the home of the Third Street Promenade, a major outdoor pedestrian-only shopping district that stretches for three blocks between Wilshire Blvd. and Broadway. Montana Avenue is a stretch of luxury boutique stores, restaurants, and small offices that generally features more upscale shopping. The Main Street district offers an eclectic mix of clothing, restaurants and other specialty retail. The city is also home to the California Heritage Museum and the Angels Attic dollhouse and toy museum. The Santa Monica Public Library consists of a Main Library in the downtown area, plus four neighborhood branches: Fairview, Montana Avenue, Ocean Park, and Pico Boulevard. The New West Symphony is the resident orchestra of Barnum Hall and the Oxnard Performing Arts Center and the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza. Santa Monica hosts the annual Santa Monica Film Festival and is home to a number of museums and galleries, such as the Santa Monica Museum of Art and the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History. It is also the site of the annual San Francisco Bay Area Film Festival, which takes place from September to October each year. It has a population of 2.2 million. The City of Santa Monica is located in the West Coast region of California and is one of the most populous cities in the United States, with an estimated population of 3.3 million.


The Santa Monica Track Club has many prominent track athletes, including many Olympic gold medalists. Santa Monica is the home to Southern California Aquatics, which was founded by Olympic swimmer Clay Evans and Bonnie Adair. The Santa Monica Rugby Club is a semi-professional team that competes in the Pacific Rugby Premiership, the highest-level rugby union club competition in the United States. The city will host beach volleyball and surfing during the 2028 Summer Olympics. The men's and women's marathon ran through parts of Santa Monica during the 1984 Summer Olympics, and will again in 2028 and 2028. The town is also home to the Santa Monica Airport, which is one of the busiest airports in the U.S. It is also the home of the Los Angeles Marathon, which runs from Los Angeles to San Diego. The airport is also a popular destination for nightlife and nightlife clubs, including the Westin Los Angeles Hotel and the Beverly Hills Hotel, which opened in the 1970s. It was also the site of the 1984 Winter Olympics, where the men and women ran the men's marathon and the women the women's half-marathon. It will also host the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which will be the first time the city has hosted both events in the same year. It also will host the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, where it will host both the men’s and women”s marathon and relay events. It has also hosted the 2010 Winter Olympics and the 2012 Winter Olympics.

Parks and recreation

Palisades Park stretches out along the crumbling bluffs overlooking the Pacific and is a favorite walking area to view the ocean. The Santa Monica Stairs, a long, steep staircase that leads from north of San Vicente down into Santa Monica Canyon, is a popular spot for outdoor workouts. Some area residents have complained that the stairs have become too popular, and attract too many exercisers to the wealthy neighborhood of multimillion-dollar properties.Ishihara Park opened to the public in 2017 and acts as a buffer between the Los Angeles Metro Rail and the surrounding residential community. It includes public art, a totem pole, camera obscura, benches, picnic areas, pétanque courts, and restrooms. The park includes an overlook, amphitheater, playground, garden, fountains, picnic area, and restroom. It is located between Ocean Avenue and Main Street, just south of Colorado Avenue. It occupies 6 acres between Ocean Ave and Main St, just north of Colorado Ave. It also includes an amphitheaters, a playground, a garden, and a picnic area. It was opened in 2017. It has been described as one of the most beautiful parks in Los Angeles, with views of the ocean, the mountains, and the city's skyline. It's located on the edge of the Santa Monica Beach neighborhood, which has a population of more than 1.5 million people. The area is home to a number of cultural institutions, including the L.A. County Museum of Natural History and the Museum of Contemporary Art.


Santa Monica is governed by the Santa Monica City Council, a Council-Manager governing body with seven members elected at-large. The mayor is Sue Himmelrich, and the Mayor Pro Tempore is Kristin McCowan. In the California State Legislature, Santa Monica is in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat María Elena Durazo, and in the 50th Assembly District. The U.S. House of Representatives is in California's 33rd congressional district, Represented by Democrat Ted Lieu. The city is located in the Los Angeles area of Los Angeles County, California, with a population of 2.2 million. The Santa Monica area is home to the Los Angles County Airport. The airport is located on the Santa Monica Channel. The City of Santa Monica was founded in 1858 and is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It was the first city to be incorporated in the state of California in 1859. The City of Santa Monaco was founded in 1861 and is now the largest city in the Los Angeles county. It is the capital of the State of California, and is the seat of the California Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The Santa Monica City Council is made up of seven members, with the mayor and the mayor pro Tempore serving as its executive officials. It has a mayor and mayor pro tem.


The Santa MonicaMalibu Unified School District provides public education at the elementary and secondary levels. The district maintains eight elementary schools, three middle schools, and three high schools in Santa Monica. Asahi Gakuen, a weekend Japanese supplementary school system, operates its Santa Monica campus (Santamonika-k ktbu) at Webster Middle in the Sawtelle neighborhood of Los Angeles. The Frederick S. Pardee RAND Graduate School, associated with the RAND Corporation, is the U.S.'s largest producer of public policy PhDs. Santa Monica College is a community college founded in 1929. Many SMC graduates transfer to the University of California system. Private schools in the city include Crossroads School and Saint Monica Catholic High School. The Art Institute of California Los Angeles is also inSanta Monica near the Santa Monica Airport. The city is home to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Occidental College (Oxy), Los Angeles City College, Los Angeles Southwest College, and Emperor's College of Traditional Oriental Medicine. It is also home to Mount St. Mary's University, Pepperdine University, Northridge, California State University, UCLA, USC, West Los Angeles College, West LA City College and Loyola Marymount University. It also has a number of private schools, including Crossroads and Saint Monica Catholic High School. It has a population of 1.2 million. It was the site of the World War II-era Battle of the Bulge.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Santa Monica = 6.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 93,076 individuals with a median age of 43.7 age the population grows by 6.40% in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 11,067 residents per square mile of area (4,273/km²). There are average 1.84 people per household in the 47,333 households with an average household income of $65,845 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.50% of the available work force and has dropped -6.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 17.02%. The number of physicians in Santa Monica per 100,000 population = 213.2.


The annual rainfall in Santa Monica = 13.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 24. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 281. 70 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 49.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California which are owned by the occupant = 27.75%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 45 years with median home cost = $976,640 and home appreciation of -8.03%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.73 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,869 per student. There are 20.5 students for each teacher in the school, 2382 students for each Librarian and 480 students for each Counselor. 6.00% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 31.24% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 23.02% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Santa Monica's population in Los Angeles County, California of 3,057 residents in 1900 has increased 30,45-fold to 93,076 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.70% female residents and 48.30% male residents live in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California.

    As of 2020 in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California are married and the remaining 59.75% are single population.

  • 27.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Santa Monica require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    75.31% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.01% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 4.13% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 8.00% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California, 27.75% are owner-occupied homes, another 65.87% are rented apartments, and the remaining 6.39% are vacant.

  • The 56.73% of the population in Santa Monica, Los Angeles County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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