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  •   State: 
    40°58′ N to 42°03′ N | 71°47′ W to 73°44′ W
      Area total: 
    5,018 sq mi (13,023 km²) [3,547,967.360 acres]
      Area land: 
    4,849 sq mi (12,559 km²) [3,099,318.400 acres]
      Area water: 
    12.6% = 698 sq mi (1,809 km²) [448,648.960 acres]
    2,379 ft (725 m) Mount Frissell
    January 9, 1788 (5nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    739/sq mi (285/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $321,845 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 1.30% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 1.33% from 2021.  7.3% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  23,450. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  4.2%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $88,760 respectively per capita 2023 = $91,763.
      Housing units: 
    1,540,363 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 0.7% increase compared to 2020, specifically 10,166 more housing units.

Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. It is part of New England, although portions of it are often grouped with New York and New Jersey as the Tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of an Algonquian word for "long tidal river". Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called Fort Hoop in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers.

As shown in the given Connecticut location map that Connecticut is located in the north-eastern region of the country. Connecticut is the part of New England region. Connecticut map also shows that it shares its border with New York in the east, Massachusetts in the north, and Rhode Island in the east. Besides, Connecticut also shares its coastline with Atlantic Ocean. The climate type of state is temperate.

The capital city of Connecticut is Hartford; however, the largest city is Bridgeport. Other important cities are New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, and Norwalk.

Important economic sectors of the state are agriculture, industries, and other financial activities. The significant agriculture produces are nursery stock, eggs, and lobster (shellfish), cattle, dairy products; and tobacco. And, the important industries are transportation equipment, particularly helicopters, aircraft parts, and nuclear submarines; military weaponry; heavy industrial machinery and electrical equipment; fabricated metal products; chemical and pharmaceutical products; and scientific instruments.

Stepping into Mystic Seaport is like stepping back in time. Once a shipbuilding hub, it's been preserved to look just as it did in colonial times; in fact, some of Connecticut's most historic buildings were moved to Mystic Seaport as part of its conservancy. Today, your family can explore its whimsical stores and cafes and even tour some of the ships.

The US State Connecticut occupies 12,542 m², about 0,14 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Connecticut with 3,588,184 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 5,36 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 480,608 fewer people. The capital Hartford alone has 123,401 inhabitants.

Hartford became the sole capital of Connecticut in 1875. Originally, both New Haven and Hartford were capital cities, starting in 1701. Bridgeport Harbor is one of three deep-water ports in the state. Bridgeport has just over 145,000 residents.

Half of Connecticut was initially part of the Dutch colony New Netherland, which included much of the land between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers, although the first major settlements were established in the 1630s by the English. Thomas Hooker led a band of followers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the Connecticut Colony; other settlers from Massachusetts founded the Saybrook Colony and the New Haven Colony. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. This was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution. Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, and the fourth most densely populated of the 50 states. It is known as the "Constitution State", the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", and the "Land of Steady Habits". It was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States. The Connecticut River, Thames River, and ports along Long Island Sound have given Connecticut a strong maritime tradition which continues today. The state also has a long history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford and hedge funds in Fairfield County.

Connecticut is known under different nicknames; aka Constitution State (official, used on license plates), or Nutmeg State, or Provision State, or Blue Law State, or Freestone State, or Land of Steady Habits and detailed official information about Connecticut can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Connecticut, CT about 355,861 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 10.1% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Connecticut are about 373,870 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $83,628 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $82,542, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $84,714 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Connecticut = 15.4. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 54. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 46. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Connecticut = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Connecticut = 46.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 31.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 116. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 194. 83.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 17.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 3,605,944 individuals with a median age of 39.2 age the population grows by 3.13% in Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 739/sq mi (285/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.52 people per household in the 1,346,850 households with an average household income of $79,900 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.30% of the available work force and has dropped -3.15% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.40%. The number of physicians in Connecticut per 100,000 population = 278.

The percentage of housing units in Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 62.82%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 44 years with median home cost = $273,930 and home appreciation of -9.24%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $17.74 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $8,058 per student. There are 14.5 students for each teacher in the school, 375 students for each Librarian and 406 students for each Counselor. 6.61% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.96% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 13.10% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Connecticut's population of 537,454 residents in 1870 has increased 39,72-fold to 3,608,298 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 51.28% female residents and 48.72% male residents live in Connecticut, USA.

    As of 2020, 57.02% in Connecticut are married and the remaining 42.98% are single population.

  • 26.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Connecticut require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.13% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.35% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.91% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.15% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Connecticut, 62.82% are owner-occupied homes, another 6.68% are rented apartments, and the remaining 30.50% are vacant.

  • 55.35% of the population in Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 38.220%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 60.590%) of those eligible to vote in Connecticut.

Skyline of Connecticut

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Landscape of Connecticut