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Fairfield, Connecticut

  •   State: 
    Fairfield County
      County FIPS: 
    41°10′33″N 73°16′19″W
      Area total: 
    31.38 sq mi (81.3 km²)
      Area land: 
    29.9 sq mi (77 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.48 sq mi (3.8 km²)
    59 ft (18 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,057.3 residents per square mile of area (794.3/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Fairfield is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. It borders the city of Bridgeport and towns of Trumbull, Easton, Weston, and Westport along the Gold Coast of Connecticut. Located within the New York metropolitan area, it is around 43 miles northeast of Midtown Manhattan. As of 2020 the town had a population of 61,512. Fairfield was one of the two principal settlements of the Connecticut Colony in southwestern Connecticut (the other was Stratford). The town line with Stratford was set in May 1661 by John Banks, an early Fairfield settler, Richard Olmstead, and Lt. Joseph Judson, who were both appointed as a committee by the Colony. Over time, it gave rise to several new towns that broke off and incorporated separately. In the Nineteenth century, the town was an agricultural town for the entirety of the century, wheat, rye, and flax were the main exports. The New York Railroad connected Fairfield to New York, Boston and the West Indies. In 1853, Fairfield moved its county seat to Bridgeport as the old courthouse proved inadequate. The county seat of Fairfield is now a train ride away in New York City, now a two-hour train ride ride away from Fairfield. The town was burned down by British troops in 1779 due to the town's support for the Patriot cause. The name "Fairfield" is commendatory for its support of the cause for independence.


In 1635, Puritans and Congregationalists in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, were dissatisfied with the rate of Anglican reform. Roger Ludlowe, framer of the Fundamental Orders, purchased the land called Unquowa (presently called Fairfield), and established the name. Fairfield was one of the two principal settlements of the Connecticut Colony in southwestern Connecticut (the other was Stratford). The town line with Stratford was set in May 1661 by an early Fairfield settler, Richard Olmstead, and Lt. Joseph Judson, who were both appointed as a committee by the Colony of Connecticut. In a predominantly Tory section of the colony, the people of Fairfield were early supporters of the cause for independence. In 1779, Gold Selleck Silliman, whose home still stands on Jennings Road, was kidnapped from his home by Loyalist raiders in preparation for a British raid on Fairfield County. In the late 1800s, immigration from Poland, Italy, Hungary, Russia, and other places to the United States, where many worked in factories. In 1853, Fairfield moved from Fairfield to Bridgeport to be the county seat of Bridgeport County to be moved to the old courthouse as the soil was better. As the nation expanded, agriculture in the region began to decline. Many Fairfield residents sold their land, moved west or to cities to work in factories, where they cultivated land by Tunix Hill, Black Rock, and what is now Bridgeport.


The town is on the shore of the Long Island Sound. The Mill River, the waters of which feed Lake Mohegan, flows through the town. Fairfield consists of many neighborhoods. The best known are wealthy Southport, where General Electric Chief Executive Officer Jack Welch lived for many years, and Greenfield Hill. Other neighborhoods include Stratfield, Tunxis Hill, the University area, Grasmere, Mill Plain, Knapp's Village, Melville Village, Holland Hill, Murray, and the Fairfield Beach area. Two shopping districts in town include the Post Road (U.S. 1) and Black Rock Turnpike. The town has a total area of 31.3 square miles (81 km²), of which 30.0 square miles. (78 km²) is land and 3.4 square kilometres (1.3 sq mi), or 4.15% is water. It is located on Long Island's eastern tip. The city is home to the Long Islanders, who are known for their love of the beach and the New York City subway system. It also has a reputation for being one of the worst-kept secrets in the United States. It has a population of 2.2 million (2.3 million people) and a population growth rate of 0.7% (0.8% in the last 20 years). The town is located in the eastern part of Long Island, on the eastern edge of the island of New York State. The population of Fairfield, New York, is 2.4 million (3.1 million).


As of the census of 2010, there were 59,404 people in the town, organized into 20,457 households and 14,846 families. The median household income (in 2013 dollars) was $117,705 (these figures had risen to $103,352 and $121,749 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $69,525 versus $44,837 for females. The per capita income for the city was $55,733. 2.9% of the population and 1.8% of families were below the poverty line. The town's population was spread out, with 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 21. 1% from 25 to 44, 27. 4% from 45 to 64, and 15.1 per cent who were 65 years of age or older. The city's median age was 40 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over,there were 85.6 males. The population density was 1,927 inhabitants per square mile (744/km²) The racial makeup of the town was 91.6% White, 3.7% Asian, 1. 8% African American, 0.06% Native American, and 0.01% Pacific Islander. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.19. 5.0 per cent of the city's population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.


In May 2012, Moody's Investors Service revised the Town of Fairfield's $192 million general obligation bond debt from negative to stable. Moody's awarded Fairfield with an AAA bond rating, which it maintains to this date. R.C. Bigelow (Bigelow Tea Company) headquarters, Black Rock Turnpike. Sturm, Ruger & Co. headquarters, Lacey Place in Southport, firearms manufacturer. Sacred Heart University (5000 students and more than 500 academic employees plus additional administrators and staff) 1073 North Benson Road. New England's second largest Roman Catholic university with more than 5,000 students and 500 academic staff. Fairfield is home to the U.S. Army's 4th of July parade and the New England Patriots football game against the New York Yankees on Sunday, July 17, 2013. The Fairfield High School football team won the state championship in 2010. The town's football team finished second in the state in the 2010-11 season. The football team also won the national championship in the 2009-10 season, the first time the town had won the title in the history of the sport. The Town's baseball team finished in the top 10 in the nation in the 2007-08 season. It won the league in the 2008-09 season. In the 2010/11 season, Fairfield won the National Championship in the baseball team's first season of competition. The team's second-place finish in the 2011-12 season was the best in the city's history.

Arts and culture

The Regina A. Quick Center for the Arts on the campus of Fairfield University opened in 1990. The PepsiCo Theatre is the home to the theatre program of the Department of Visual and Performing Arts and Theater Fairfield. The Bellarmine Museum of Art hosts shows by regional artists and touring exhibitions as well as a permanent collection. The Fairfield Museum and History Center displays on local history, art and decorative arts, and a library onLocal history. The Connecticut Audubon Society Center at Fairfield offers 6 miles (10 km) of boardwalk nature trails in a wildlife sanctuary of 160 acres (0.65 km²) with a nature center and library. The Southport Railroad Stations are located at 96 Station St. and 100 Center St. in Southport, Connecticut. The town is located on the Connecticut River, which runs through the center of the town. It is home to a number of historic sites, including the Bronson Windmill, the Greenfield Hill Historic District, the Southport Harbor, and the Pine Creek Park Bridge. The city is also home to Fairfield High School, which was founded in the late 19th century and is one of the oldest high schools in the United States. It has been named the top high school in the state by the Connecticut Department of Public Health and Human Services. It was named the number one high school for girls in the U.S. in the 1990s. It also has the top male high school football team in the city.

Parks and recreation

The town's 5 miles (8 km) of Long Island Sound coastline include five town beaches which are staffed by lifeguards during the summer. There are also miles of privately owned beach which are open to the public below the high tide mark. Lake Mohegan, which includes waterfalls called The Cascades, is a popular destination for hiking, as are the Fairfield Audubon Society and the Bird Sanctuary. The "SportsPlex" is located in downtown Fairfield and offers athletic activities such as ice skating, indoor climbing, indoor soccer and gymnastics. Ye Yacht Yard, a town-owned facility on Southport Harbor, provides boat launch services to residents, and access to moorings. Community Sailing of Fairfield, whose members share use of two 18-foot sailboats, is also located in the town. The town's largest employer is the New York State Department of Health and Human Services, which employs more than 2,000 people. Fairfield is located on Long Island, New York, and has a population of 4,000. It is one of the fastest-growing towns in New York state, with a population growth rate of 1.7% in the last decade. The city's population has grown by more than 20% since the mid-1990s, and is expected to grow at a rate of 2% per year until 2020. The population of Fair field in 2010 was 4,816. It has an estimated population of 5,000, up from 4,500 in 2000. It had a population loss of 1,000 in the early 1990s.


The town government consists of the three-member Board of Selectmen, a Representative Town Meeting (RTM), a Board of Finance, a Board. of Education, a Town Planning and Zoning Commission (TPZ), and many other politically appointed commissions, boards, and committees. The town has no criminal or civil court system and all trials are held and handled by the Bridgeport Superior Court system. In the Connecticut General Assembly, Fairfield is represented by two Republicans, Sen. Tony Hwang and Rep. Laura Devlin (CT-134), and two Democrats, Rep. Cristin McCarthy-Vahey and Jennifer Leeper. The current First Selectman is Brenda Kupchick (R). The town is Republican controlled 21 out of 21 seats in the General Assembly. It is located on the Connecticut Turnpike, which runs from New Haven to Bridgeport. It has a population of about 2,000 people, with the majority of residents living in the town of about 1,500 people. It was founded in 1838. The first town meeting was held in 1839. The last town meeting took place in 1851. The Town of Fairfield was incorporated in 1852. The Fairfield Town Council was formed in 1854. It became the Fairfield Township Council in 1855. The present town council is made up of seven members, with three Republicans and three Democrats. The next town meeting will be held on November 7, 1855, and the next town election will be on November 14, 1856.


Fairfield has two public high schools, Fairfield Warde and Fairfield Ludlowe. It also has three public middle schools and eleven public elementary schools. Fairfield has several Catholic schools, including two high schools and two primary schools, St. Thomas Aquinas and Our Lady of the Assumption. Non-religious private schools include Fairfield Country Day School and the Unquowa School.Fairfield is also home to two post-secondary institutions,Fairfield University and Sacred Heart University. The city is home to the U.S. Army National Guard and the New York Army Air and Marine Corps Air Reserve Base. It is also the home of the Fairfield High School, which was founded in 1876. The town is the birthplace of Fairfield, Connecticut, and the town was named after the town's first settler, William Fairfield. It was also the site of the Battle of the Bulge, which took place in the early 1800s. It has a population of about 2,000,000 people, the majority of whom live in or near the town center. The area is located on the Connecticut Turnpike, which runs through the town of Bridgeport and into New York City. The Connecticut River, which flows through the city, runs through Fairfield and into Long Island. The New York Turnpikes, which run through the center of the town, are the city's main north-to-south route, and connect to New York and Long Island by a series of bridges.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut = 7.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 32. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Fairfield = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 61,512 individuals with a median age of 39.6 age the population grows by 0.65% in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,057.3 residents per square mile of area (794.3/km²). There are average 2.61 people per household in the 20,435 households with an average household income of $107,578 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.60% of the available work force and has dropped -3.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.92%. The number of physicians in Fairfield per 100,000 population = 301.6.


The annual rainfall in Fairfield = 46 inches and the annual snowfall = 35.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 106. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 175. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 79.97%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 52 years with median home cost = $586,180 and home appreciation of -3.47%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $13.56 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $8,615 per student. There are 14.1 students for each teacher in the school, 246 students for each Librarian and 352 students for each Counselor. 5.73% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 29.45% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 22.68% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Fairfield's population in Fairfield County, Connecticut of 4,489 residents in 1900 has increased 13,7-fold to 61,512 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.92% female residents and 48.08% male residents live in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 35.82% are single population.

  • 33 minutes is the average time that residents in Fairfield require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.16% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 5.63% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 9.14% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 5.66% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut, 79.97% are owner-occupied homes, another 16.04% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.99% are vacant.

  • The 67.16% of the population in Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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