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  •   State: 
    Kennebec County
      County FIPS: 
    44°18′38″N 69°46′46″W
      Area total: 
    58.04 sq mi (150.31 km²)
      Area land: 
    55.15 sq mi (142.83 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.89 sq mi (7.48 km²)
    121 ft (37 m)
    1754; Settled 1754; Incorporated (town) February 20, 1797; Incorporated (city) August 20, 1849 Village North Augusta
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Augusta-Waterville, ME
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    342.70 residents per square mile of area (132.32/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Augusta is the capital of the U.S. state of Maine and the county seat of Kennebec County. It is the principal city in the Augusta-Waterville Micropolitan Statistical Area and home to the University of Maine at Augusta. The city's population was 18,899 at the 2020 census, making it the tenth-most populous city in Maine, and third-least populous state capital in the United States after Montpelier, Vermont, and Pierre, South Dakota. The area was first explored by the English of the short-lived Popham Colony in September 1607. English settlers from the Plymouth Colony settled in the area in 1628 as part of a trading post on theKennebec River. The settlement was known by its Native American name Cushnoc (or Coussinoc or Koussinoc), meaning "head of the tide" During the American Revolutionary War, Benedict Arnold and his 1,100 troops would use Fort Western as a staging area before continuing their journey to the Battle of Quebec. In 1862, Camp ED Keyes was established in the northwestern portion of the city as a training camp for soldiers during World War I. During the Civil War, Augusta was a rendezvous point for soldiers traveling to the front of the front for Union soldiers. In the late 19th century, a paper and pulp plant was constructed. In 1883, the property of A. & W. Sprague Company was purchased by the Edwards Manufacturing Company, which erected extensive brick mills for manufacturing cotton textiles.


Augusta is the primary city name, but also Chelsea, Sidney are acceptable city names or spellings, Togus on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The area around Cushnoc was inhabited by the Kennebec, a band of the larger Abenaki nation. During the 17th century, they were on friendly terms with the English settlers in the region. Augusta was incorporated as a city in 1849 and named the state capital in 1827. During World War I, Keyes was used as a mobilization training camp for soldiers. In 1929, the state legislature approved the placement of Augusta State Airport to the next state legislature. Today, government and post-secondary education are important businesses in the city of 1,000,000. The city got a regular steamboat service and the railroad in 1859. A movie theater was built in the early 20th century and a local hospital in the mid-20th century. In the early 21st century, the Maine National Guard built the Augusta National Airport to serve as a training facility for the National Guard and the U.S. Air Force. It is still used for administrative and logistical purposes by the National National Guard today, but is no longer possible to use as a military training facility by the Army or Navy. The state capital of Maine was established in 1820 as a result of the Missouri Compromise. The Maine State Legislature continued meeting in Portland, however, until the completion of the Maine State House in 1832, designed by Charles Bulfinch. In 1799, it was designated as the county seat for the newly created KenneBec County. By 1838, 10 sawmills were contracted. In 1883, the property of A. & W. Sprague Company was purchased by the Edwards Manufacturing Company, which erected extensive brick mills.

Downtown revitalization

For much of Augusta's history, the central business district was on and near Water Street on the west bank of the Kennebec River. With the completion of the Maine Turnpike and Interstate 95 in 1955, local commercial developments began to move away from Water Street and closer to the highway. Since the late 2000s, there has been a renewed and ongoing focus by city officials, the Augusta Downtown Alliance, and private developers to revitalize the downtown area.


Augusta is located at 44°1838N 69°4646W, making it the easternmost state capital in the United States. The hottest month is July, with an average high temperature of 80 °F (26.7 °C). The coldest month is January, with a average low of 10°F (12.2 °C) Summers are typically warm, rainy, and humid, while winters are cold, windy, and snowy. Augusta borders the towns of Manchester to its west, Sidney and Vassalboro to its north, Windsor to its east, Chelsea to its south, and the city of Hallowell to its southwest. Augusta is drained by Bond's Brook, Woromontogus Stream and the Kennebec River. The city is crossed by Interstate 95, U.S. Route 201, State Route 11, and State Route 105. It has a total area of 58.03 sq mi (150.30 km²), of which 55.13sq mi (142.79 km²) is land and 2.90sq mi (7.51 km 2) is water. Augusta's climate is classified as a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb). There is usually little or no snow in April and November, and snow is rare in May and October. Spring and fall are usually mild, but conditions are widely varied, depending on wind direction and jet stream positioning. Most snowfall occurs from December through March.


As of the census of 2010, there were 19,136 people, 8,802 households, and 4,490 families residing in the city. There were 9,756 housing units at an average density of 177.0/sq mi (68.3/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 1.1%. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8%. The median income for a household in theCity was $29,921, and the median income. for a family was $42,230. About 11.4% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 9.8% ofThose 65 or over. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was2.76. The median age in the City was 43.2 years, with 20.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 24.8%, and 18% who were 65 years of age or older. The city's population was 48.6% male and 51.4 per cent female in the 2000 census. It has a population density of 335.1 inhabitants per square mile (129.4/ km²) and a population growth rate of 3.7%. The city has a median age of 40 years, and its population growth rates have been 3.8 per cent since 2000.


Augusta is governed by a mayor and council-manager system. The City Manager serves as the chief executive officer and purchasing agent of the city. The city has not voted for a Republican presidential candidate since George H. W. Bush in the Republican landslide of 1988. Democrats are the majority political affiliation in all four voting wards. There are more voters who are not enrolled than there are registered Republicans in the City. In the 2012 presidential election, Barack Obama received 5,192 of the votes to Mitt Romney's 3,339. The mayor presides at all meetings of the council, and is recognized ceremonially as the official head of theCity. The police department is remarkable for not having had an officer killed in the line of duty for over a century. It is the only city in the United States to not have had a police officer killed during the course of his or her career. The average age of a resident of Augusta is 48 years old, and the average height is 6 feet, 2 inches (183 cm) tall (with the exception of a few select areas). The average life expectancy is 50 years old (with an average of 54 years old). The city is the first in the U.S. to have a mayor in its history to have been elected to a full term. It has not had a homicide victim in its police department for more than 100 years. It does not have a single police officer who has been killed in action. It also has no mayor or police chief who has died in office.


Farrington, Gilbert, Hussey, and Lincoln are the four elementary schools that are located in the city. Cony comprises Cony Middle School and Cony High School. St. Michaels is a private Catholic school; it charges tuition to its students. The University of Maine at Augusta is third-largest university in the system. The Maine State Library and Lithgow Public Library are both located in Augusta. There are five public schools, one private school, and one college in the area. The city is home to the U.S. Army's 712th Air Force Base. The U.N. has a base in Augusta, Maine, which is one of the largest military bases in the United States. It is also the home of the American Museum of Natural History, which was founded in 1872. The state's oldest public library, the Maine State library, was established in 1875. The town's first public school was established on August 1, 1875, and it is still in use today. It was the first public library in the state, and was founded by the state's first governor, George H.W. Bush, in 1876. The first public high school was opened in 1881. The current public school, which opened in 1888, is the oldest public school in Maine, and the first in the nation. The school is located on the campus of Maine State University, which also has its own campus. The university is the largest in the region, with more than 1,000 students.


Interstate 95 runs by the western outskirts of Augusta. U.S. 202 runs east-west through the city. Augusta State Airport in the western part of the city has commercial flights. The city is located on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. It is one of the largest cities in the state, with a population of 1.2 million. The state's largest city is Augusta, Georgia, which is home to the University of South Carolina. It also has a university, Augusta State University, and Augusta University, which are located in the city's western part. The town's population is 1.3 million. It has a population density of 2,000 per square mile (1,200 per square kilometre) and a population growth rate of 0.7 per cent (0.8 per cent in the last five years). The city's population was 1.4 million in the year 2000. The population grew to 1.6 million in 2010. The largest city in Georgia, Augusta has a total population of 2.1 million (1.4 per cent of the state's population) and an area of 4.4 square miles (7.2 per cent) of land. It was the first state to be added to the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s. The interstate system was built in the 1960s and 1970s. It runs north-south and east-south through the town. It connects to the U.N. Gulf Coast and the Gulf of Mexico via the Florida coast.

Sites of interest

Blaine House at the University of Maine at Augusta. The Holocaust and Human Rights Center of Maine. The Maine State Museum. The Viles Arboretum and the Maine State Library. The Blaine House in Portland. The State House in Augusta. And the State Museum in Bangor. and the State Library of Maine in Augusta, Maine. and in Portland, Maine and in the town of Lithgow. And in the city of Bangor, Maine, and the towns of Blaine and Blaine Falls. and Fort Western. and Augusta. and Bangor and Augusta and Augusta in the state of Maine and on the island of Piscataquah. and at Blaine in Maine and at Fort Western in Maine. And at Augusta in Augusta and at Augusta on the Island of Pascagoula in the eastern part of the state, at the Blaine River. and along the coast of Maine, at Maine in the north. and south, at Augusta, in the east, and at the coast in the south, are several sites of interest to Maine residents. and tourists. and visitors. and. visitors to the state. and to the region. and elsewhere in the U.S. and Canada. and around the world. and across the globe. and into Europe and Africa. and Asia. and Latin America and the Middle East. and North America. and Europe and the Caribbean. and South America. & Africa. & Asia. & Europe. & the Far East and the Pacific.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine = 94.4. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 79. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Augusta = 2.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 18,899 individuals with a median age of 42.7 age the population dropped by -1.52% in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 342.70 residents per square mile of area (132.32/km²). There are average 2.04 people per household in the 8,696 households with an average household income of $35,606 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.10% of the available work force and has dropped -4.88% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.14%. The number of physicians in Augusta per 100,000 population = 270.6.


The annual rainfall in Augusta = 41.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 78.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 130. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 203. 80 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 11.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 53, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine which are owned by the occupant = 49.31%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 52 years with median home cost = $60,290 and home appreciation of -3.54%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $15.84 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $3,708 per student. There are 12.3 students for each teacher in the school, 278 students for each Librarian and 255 students for each Counselor. 6.96% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.45% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.60% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Augusta's population in Kennebec County, Maine of 11,683 residents in 1900 has increased 1,62-fold to 18,899 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.24% female residents and 47.76% male residents live in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine.

    As of 2020 in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine are married and the remaining 50.60% are single population.

  • 19.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Augusta require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.36% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.67% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.20% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.49% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine, 49.31% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.18% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.51% are vacant.

  • The 33.39% of the population in Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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