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Amesbury, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Essex County
      County FIPS: 
    42°51′30″N 70°55′50″W
      Area total: 
    13.73 sq mi (35.57 km²)
      Area land: 
    12.29 sq mi (31.84 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.44 sq mi (3.73 km²)
    50 ft (15 m)
    1642; Settled 1642; Incorporated (town) 1668; Incorporated (city) 1996
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,412.79 residents per square mile of area (545.48/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Amesbury is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. It is located on the left bank of the Merrimack River near its mouth, upstream from Salisbury and across the river from Newburyport and West Newbury. The town was originally named Colchester, but was renamed Salisbury in October 1640, possibly at the suggestion of Christopher Batt. The city is one of the two northernmost towns in Massachusetts (the other being neighboring Salisbury) It was originally a farming and mill town, but is now largely residential. The population was 17,366 at the 2020 U.S. Census. It was incorporated on January 19, 1655, by a vote of the citizens of the town. The name Salisbury is a reference to Christopher Batt, a former mayor of Salisbury, England, who trained the militia in the town in the 1640s and 1650s. The original Salisbury was many times larger than the present. From it several townships were later separated. The Powwow River provided water power for a subsequent mill complex. In 1642, the town wanted families to take up residence west of the Pow-wow River and form a "New Town" No volunteers responded. The incorporation of the New Town granted it legal recognition by the colony to a township of that name, with its own government, empowered by citizens populating a territory of legally defined boundaries. On January 14, 1654, articles of agreement at a town meeting divided Salisbury into Old Town and New Town, each to conduct its own affairs.


In 1637, the first English settler in the Salisbury-Amesbury region, John Bayly, crossed the Merrimack River. He intended to send for his wife and children in England, but they never joined him. The settlers of the plantation, who entered Massachusetts Bay Colony, were rebels in a cause that was settled by the English Civil War (1642-1651). Although nominally subjects of the crown, they did not obey it. The supreme government of the colony was the General Court, which functioned autonomously, passing its own laws, establishing courts, incorporating townships and providing for the overall defense of the colonies. The town was originally named Colchester, but was renamed Salisbury in October 1640, possibly at the suggestion of Christopher Batt, from Salisbury, England. The incorporation of the town granted it legal recognition by the colony to a township of that name, with its own government, empowered by citizens populating a territory of legally defined boundaries. The original Salisbury was many times larger than the present. From it several townships were later separated. On January 14, 1654, articles adopted at a town meeting divided Salisbury into Old Town and New Town, each to conduct its own affairs. The agreement went into effect on January 1655. In 1642, the town wanted families to take up residence west of the Pow-wow River and form a "New Town" No volunteers responded. The Old Town required all inhabitants, including those in the new Town, to attend church and pay taxes.


Amesbury is located at 42°5129N 70°5550W. The Powwow River bisects the town, joined by the Back River near the town center. The town is bordered by Salisbury to the east, Newburyport to the southeast, West Newbury to the southwest, Merrimac to the west, and South Hampton, New Hampshire, to the north. Amesbury has a town forest, which is connected to Woodsom Farm, as well as Powwow Conservation Area, Victoria Batchelder Park and Amesbury Golf & Country Club. The city has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35.5 km²), of which 12.3 sq miles (31.8 km²) is land and 1.5sq miles (3.8km²), or 10.65% is water. The area is drained by the Pow wow River. Powwow Hill, elevation 331 feet (101 m), is the highest point in town. Once the site of Indian gatherings, or "powwows", it has views to Maine and Cape Ann. It is the second northernmost town in Massachusetts, its northernmost point coming just south of the northern most point of the state, in Salisbury. It lies along the northern banks of the Merrimack River. The river flows through Lake Gardner and Tuxbury Pond, which are two of several inland bodies of water in town, including Lake Attitash, Meadowbrook Pond, and Pattens Pond.


Amesbury is served by two interstate highways. Interstate 495 runs from west to east through town, ending at Interstate 95 just over the Salisbury town line. I-95 crosses the southeast corner of town, entering along the John Greenleaf Whittier Memorial Bridge, a steel through-truss bridge crossing the Merrimack River. MVRTA provides bus service in Amesbury. Route 51 connects to the Haverhill train station, Route 54 connects to Newburyport train station. Route 110 provides the town's only direct access to Interstate 95 at Exit 58. Amesbury is home to the only suspension bridge in Massachusetts, the Chain Bridge, which spans from Deer Island to Newburburyport. The current version was built in 1909, but was predated by the 1810 suspension bridge, one of the oldest suspension bridges in the country. The Chain Bridge and its counterparts over the years have been the main entryways into town across theMerrimack, and until the building of the Newbury Port Turnpike Bridge, it was the easternmost bridge on the Merriam River. The town is also home to a number of small businesses, such as the Amesbury Post Office and Amesbury Savings Bank. The Amesbury Public Library is located in the center of the town, and is open through the end of the year. It is the only public library in the state of Massachusetts, and has a collection of more than 2,000 books. It also has a branch of the U.S. Post Office, which serves the town of Amesbury and surrounding areas.


Amesbury is part of the Massachusetts Senate's 1st Essex district. The town is home to the Amesbury Memorial Hospital. The hospital was founded in 1881. It is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which was built in 1883. It was named after the town's founder, William Ames, who was born in the town in 1851. It has a population of about 2,000. The city is located in Massachusetts' 1st district, which includes Essex and Essex Counties, and parts of Essex and Middlesex counties. It also has a small portion of the town of Chelmsford, which is in Essex County, Massachusetts, and Suffolk County,   which is in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, and Suffolk county. It's in the state's eastern part, in the district of Essex, and the town is in the county of Essex. The Amesburys live in a rural area of the state, and have a small population of around 1,000 people. They also have a few residents who live in the nearby towns of Essex County and Essex Island,  which are also in the Essex County section of the district. They live in an unincorporated area of Massachusetts called Essex County. They are also part of Massachusetts' Essex County region, which  is in Essex and Suffolk  Counties. They have a large population of people who live outside of the city of Cambridge.


As of the census of 2000, there were 16,450 people, 6,380 households, and 4,229 families residing in the city. There were 6,623 housing units at an average density of 206.2 persons/km² (534.0 persons/sq mi) The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.6% African American, 0,22% Native American, and 0.9% Hispanic or Latino of any race. The city's population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 6. 1% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 12. 0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median income for a household in theCity was $34,906, and the median income. for a family was $62,875. The per capita income for the City was $23,103. 5.9 percent of the population and 3.9 per cent of families were below the poverty line. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09. For every 100 females age 18 and over, There were 89.7 males. The. median age was 37 years, and there were 93.1 males for every 100 Females. for every100 females. The average. household income was $25,489 versus $31,968 for females.


Amesbury's high school football rival is Newburyport; the two teams play against each other every Thanksgiving Day. The Amesbury mascot is "Indians" The major educational institutions are: Amesbury Public Schools and Sparhawk School. Amesbury is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike. The town has a population of 912, with a population growth rate of 1.7% per year. It is located in the central part of the state, near the Berkshires and the Berks River. It has an area of 2,000 square miles (4,000 km) and a total population of 8,000. It was founded in 1881. The city's nickname is "The Indians" and its mascot is the "Indian" school. It also has a high school and middle school, which are called "The Schools" and "The Middle Schools" respectively. The high school has a football team called the "Newburyport Patriots" The school's mascot is a "Newspaper Hawk" and the school's colors are blue and white. The school also has an elementary school, "Charles C. Cashman Elementary School," and a middle school. The public school is known as "The School" and has a number of different grade levels. It opened in 1883. The district's first high school was built in 1884. The current high school is called "Amersbury Innovation High School" It was opened in 1998.

Public library

As of 2012, Amesbury Public Library pays for access to information resources produced by Brainfuse, Cengage Learning, EBSCO Industries, LearningExpress, Library Ideas, Mango Languages, NewsBank, Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), ProQuest, TumbleBook Library, World Book of Berkshire Hathaway, and World Trade Press. The Public Library houses an extensive Local History and genealogy collection which is open and available for research. The library is located in Amesbury, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. It is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs through the town of Amesbury. The public library is open to the public every day, except Sundays and holidays. It has a collection of more than 100,000 books, many of which are open for research, as well as an extensive genealogy and local history collection. The library also has an online computer library, which is available to the general public. It also has a number of online databases, including NewsBank and ProQuest. It pays for the use of information resources such as Brainfused and LearningExpress to produce resources for the library's collection of over 1,500 books. The Library also pays for some of its own books, such as Mango languages and NewsBank to produce content for the Library's online computer system. It was founded in 1872 and is the oldest public library in the state of Massachusetts. It opened its doors in 1875. It closed in 1881 and was re-opened in 1883.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts = 36.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 13. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Amesbury = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,329 individuals with a median age of 39 age the population dropped by -0.36% in Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,412.79 residents per square mile of area (545.48/km²). There are average 2.43 people per household in the 4,942 households with an average household income of $60,431 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.40% of the available work force and has dropped -4.57% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.46%. The number of physicians in Amesbury per 100,000 population = 202.3.


The annual rainfall in Amesbury = 45.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 53.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 127. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 204. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 55.53%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 57 years with median home cost = $242,950 and home appreciation of 4.54%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.64 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $7,743 per student. There are 13.1 students for each teacher in the school, 608 students for each Librarian and 608 students for each Counselor. 8.65% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.30% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.26% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Amesbury's population in Essex County, Massachusetts of 1,426 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,93-fold to 1,329 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.50% female residents and 48.50% male residents live in Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 46.16% are single population.

  • 29.9 minutes is the average time that residents in Amesbury require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.86% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.88% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.90% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.47% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts, 55.53% are owner-occupied homes, another 39.66% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.81% are vacant.

  • The 59.56% of the population in Amesbury, Essex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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