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  •   State: 
    Essex County
      County FIPS: 
    42°45′37″N 71°01′55″W
      Area total: 
    9.4 sq mi (24.4 km²)
      Area land: 
    9.0 sq mi (23.2 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.5 sq mi (1.2 km²)
    48 ft (15 m)
    1639; Settled 1639; Incorporated 1850
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    720 residents per square mile of area (280/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Groveland is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. It is thirty-four miles north of Boston. At the 2020 census, it had a population of 6,752. The town is divided into two precincts, Groveland and South Groveland. The Congregational church in Groveland has a bell crafted by Paul Revere. In town hall, the oldest hand-pump fire-engine in the country is on display. In the early part of the last century, elm trees were dominant in the landscape. Then, about 1950, many of the trees died of Dutch elm disease. Since Groveland is primarily a bedroom community, there is considerable traffic during the commute drive time. However, once the rush is over, the town reverts to a sleepy village, with children and some grownups riding their bicycles about and walking. The first post office was established in 1810 in Bradford, and was located in Squire's store on Main Street. In 1825, the postmaster was succeeded by Capt. Benjamin Parker, who relocated the post office to his own store near the blacksmith shop. In 1850, the same year East Bradford became Groveland, the pumper was renamed Veto. Today, visitors can walk along new versions of the park's original lampposts. A new gazebo resembles the original, much like the Methodist meeting house that sat at the south end of the grounds. The new trees are planted in roughly the same pattern as the originals.


Groveland was originally the East Parish of Bradford, which was originally part of the town of Rowley. In September 1639, the town incorporated, and included the territory now occupied by Rowley, Georgetown, Groveland, Boxford, and Bradford. Groveland officially incorporated as a separate town on September 9, 1850. In town hall, the oldest hand-pump fire-engine in the country is on display. Of the 900 bells made by Paul Revere's company, this is one of two remaining bells in active service (the other is in Lowell, Massachusetts). In the early part of last century, elm trees were dominant in the landscape. Then, about 1950, many of the trees died of Dutch elm disease. With this development, townspeople built a new park, planted with the new resistant variety. Since Groveland is primarily a bedroom community, there is considerable traffic during the commute drive time. However, once the rush is over, it reverts to a sleepy village, with children and some grownups riding their bicycles about and walking. The first town post office was established in 1810 in Bradford, and was located in Squire's Green. After the town was established, a new post office on Main Street was built approximately half a mile from the present location. Later, the post office moved to the other side of the street, where it remained until 1825. Later that year a new building was built on the same side of Main Street, where Groveland was established.

Geography and transportation

Groveland is located in the northwestern part of Essex County, and is bordered by Haverhill to the west and northwest. The town lies along the south banks of the Merrimack River, and several other brooks, as well as the Parker River, pass through the town. There are no interstates passing through Groveland, the town lying between Interstate 95 and Interstate 495. The nearest small-craft airport is Lawrence Municipal Airport in North Andover, and the nearest national air service can be found at Logan International Airport. There is a Peter Pan bus that goes to North Station that picks up/drops off at The Tea Garden, a Chinese food restaurant and bar in town. The HaverHill/Reading Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail terminates in neighboring Haver Hill, providing rail service into Boston's North Station. The Town of Groveland has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24 km²), of which 8.9 sq miles (23 km²) is land and 0.5sq miles (1.3km²), or 4.99% is water. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the town's population to be 2,816. The population of Gro Cleveland was 2,715 in 2010. The city's population is 2,917. The current mayor is John Defterios, who was first elected to office in 1988 and served as mayor from 1989 to 1991. He was re-elected to a second term in 2010, and a third term in 2012.


As of the census of 2010, there were 6,459 people, 2346 households, and 1 families residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 97.38% White, 0.48% African American,0.08% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0,26% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 1.32% of the population. The town's population was spread out, with 24.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 15. 1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, there are 93.8 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there is 90.4 males. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.15. The per capita income for the town is $34,254; about 3.6% of families and 4.0% of people were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under 18 and 2.6%. The median income for a household was $84,232, and the median family income was $95,451. It is the only town in the state with a population of more than 6,000 people. It has a population density of 724.8 people per square mile.


Groveland has an open-town meeting form of government. The Board of Selectmen comprises five members who are elected for three-year terms. The Fire Department consists of 40 firefighters all of which serve on a paid call basis. The police are on duty 24/7 and a dispatcher is always on site. The Langley-Adams Library is a public library and a member of the Merrimack Valley Library Consortium. It uses the Evergreen open source integrated library system that is common to all libraries in the Consortium. The Town Hall contains most of Groveland's municipal offices. The large windows in front expose a showroom containing historic artifacts, including the famous "VETO No. 2" fire pumper, Groveland’s first fire apparatus. The Police Department has two stations from which the firefighters are dispatched, Central Station (as seen in the picture on the left) and South Station. It is also responsible for conducting water and ice rescue in addition to providing numerous emergency medical service calls. In South Station you can find Squad 2, Engine 2 (Tanker/Pumper), Engine 3 (pumper) and Combo 2 (forestry truck) Groveland has 8 in service apparatuses. Currently the GFD has 8 firefighters in service. The town has a jail for temporary holding of suspects. It also has a fire department that serves the town in all areas of fire suppression including residential, commercial, and woodland properties. The town's fire department is designed to be flexible, efficient, effective, and tailored to addressing the specific community needs.


Groveland is a member of the Pentucket Regional School District, which includes the towns of West Newbury and Merrimac. The Dr. Elmer S. Bagnall Elementary School is home to the Groveland Summer Recreation Program, a very popular non-profit summer day camp run by the Town of Groveland. Junior and senior high school students attend Pentucket regional middle and high school, respectively, which are located in the neighboring town ofWest Newbury. Groveland has one high school and one elementary school, both of which are on the town line between the two towns. The town has one post-secondary institution, the University of New Hampshire, which offers a degree in business administration and a masters degree in public policy. The city also has one college, the College of St. Rose, where students earn a bachelor's and master's degree in the field of business administration. It has one hospital, the St. Peter's Medical Center, which specializes in obstetrics and gynecology. It is also home to a private day care center, which serves as a base for the town's summer recreation program. The school also has a daycare center for children as young as three years old, which is open to the public. It was founded in the early 1970s, and is still in operation today. The elementary school is located in Groveland, and the high school is in the town of WestNewbury, which has a middle school that straddles the town lines between Groveland and West Newbery.

Places of worship

Groveland Congregational Church, 4 King Street. St James Episcopal Church, 121 Washington Street. New Destiny Christian Church, 2 Esty Way. St Patrick's Parish, 114 Center Street (part of Sacred Hearts Parish of Bradford) St James Anglican Church and St Paul's Episcopal Church. Groveland United Church of Christ, 3rd Street and 4th Street. The Church of the Redeemer, 2nd Street and 3rd Avenue, and the Church of God in Christ, 1st Street and 2nd Avenue, are also located in Bradford. The church is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bradford. It is located in the heart of the city. It was founded in 1788. It's located on the banks of the Ohio River and is known as "Groveland" The church was established in 1792. It has been in the Bradford area since 1805. It stands on the site of the former site of Groveland, which is now a part of Bradford, Pennsylvania. It opened its doors to the city in 1808. It became a U.S. parish in 1809. It moved to a new location in 1810. It remains in the same location today as it was originally built in 1807. It will be known as Groveland Congregation Church, which was built in 1708. In 1810, it was renamed Groveland Episcopal Church and moved to its current location in 1711. It also became a Roman Catholic church in 1811.

Points of interest

Groveland has baseball and soccer fields, basketball courts, picnic areas and parks, as well as boating facilities on the Merrimack River. In 2005, Groveland built Elm Park near its center, replacing a basketball court. The town also built a new basketball court half a mile away in the town's recreation area, the Pines. North Groveland is also home to attractions such as Stickney's Boulder and Cedardale. South Groveland contains notable attractions such. as Washington Park, Nuns' Hill, Steve's Corner, and the Fertile Crescent. Groveland's sand pits, long a spot for automobile arson and adolescent hi-jinks, are soon to be converted into a mixed-income condominium complex. The Pines Recreation area also provides swings and similar playground equipment for the youngest family members who might not yet be old enough to enjoy the sports facilities. A skateboard area also exists, but is not as popular as in the past. Motor vehicles have been excluded from this trail so it is a quiet place to walk or jog. It also provides a nature trail that runs through a wooded area along the river. In addition to sports facilities, The Pine's Recreation area comprises two basketball courts, two baseball diamonds, and facilities for cookouts, bonfires, fireworks observation, plus access to theMerrimack river. A park with swings is also available for young children. It is located on the outskirts of the town and is open to the public.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts = 36.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 13. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Groveland = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,699 individuals with a median age of 38.8 age the population grows by 18.12% in Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 720 residents per square mile of area (280/km²). There are average 2.96 people per household in the 2,412 households with an average household income of $86,923 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.30% of the available work force and has dropped -4.54% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.62%. The number of physicians in Groveland per 100,000 population = 202.3.


The annual rainfall in Groveland = 47.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 65.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 127. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 201. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 84.22%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 41 years with median home cost = $250,960 and home appreciation of -12.64%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.64 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,225 per student. There are 13.8 students for each teacher in the school, 1043 students for each Librarian and 443 students for each Counselor. 9.66% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 26.98% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.39% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Groveland's population in Essex County, Massachusetts of 1,789 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,95-fold to 1,699 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.40% female residents and 49.60% male residents live in Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 31.08% are single population.

  • 31.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Groveland require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    87.26% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.53% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.51% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.11% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts, 84.22% are owner-occupied homes, another 13.40% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.39% are vacant.

  • The 59.56% of the population in Groveland, Essex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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