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Melrose

Melrose, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Massachusetts
      County: 
    Middlesex County
      City: 
    Melrose
      County FIPS: 
    25017
      Coordinates: 
    42°27′30″N 71°04′00″W
      Area total: 
    4.77 sq mi (12.35 km²)
      Area land: 
    4.68 sq mi (12.13 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.09 sq mi (0.22 km²)
      Elevation: 
    133 ft (41 m)
      Established: 
    1629; Settled 1629; Incorporated 1850 City 1900
  •   Latitude: 
    42,4571
      Longitude: 
    -71,0632
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    02176
      GMAP: 

    Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
    9,439
      Population density: 
    6,365.71 residents per square mile of area (2,458.07/km²)
      Household income: 
    $77,048
      Households: 
    11,043
      Unemployment rate: 
    7.30%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    5.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.30%

Melrose is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, in the Greater Boston metropolitan area. It is situated in the center of the triangle created by Interstates 93, 95 and U.S. Route 1. The land that comprises Melrose was first settled in 1628 and was once part of Charlestown and then Malden. In 1850 North Malden split from Malden proper and was incorporated as the town of Melrose. Melrose annexed the highlands from neighboring Stoneham in 1853, creating the city's current borders. In 1899, Melrose became the 33rd incorporated city in Massachusetts. The city's largest body of water is Ell Pond, situated near thecenter of the city, while other major bodies are Swains Pond and Towners Pond, located on the east side near Mount Hood Golf Club. The name "Melrose" comes from the burgh of Mel rose, Scotland, which the new town resembled. It was suggested and advocated for by William Bogle, a Scotland native and longtime resident of North Maldan. The current mayor is Paul Brodea, taking over for Gaila Infurna who had served as Mayor since early 2018. The Melrose City Council is served by eleven-member council members. The fifth Congressional district is represented by Katherine Clark (D) and Elizabeth Warren (D), and Melrose is represented in the Massachusetts Senate by Jason Lewis (D). The city is located at 42°2733N 71°344W (42.459045, 71.062339) and has a population of 29,817.

History

Melrose was originally called "Ponde Fielde" for its abundance of ponds and streams or "Mystic Side" because of its location in a valley north of the Mystic River. The name "Melrose" comes from the burgh of Melrose, Scotland. Melrose reached a peak in a population of 33,180 residents in 1970, before beginning a slow decline continuing through 2010. On April 1, 1982, Downtown Melrose was added to the National Register of Historic Places. In 1899, the City of Mel Rose became the 33rd incorporated city in Massachusetts. Levi S. Gould became the city's first mayor on January 1, 1900. The city's current borders were created by annexing the highlands from neighboring Stoneham in 1853. The fire department and the school district were founded, and the town hall was built in 1873. The public library was similarlyadded to the register in 1988. It was a reference to the Eildon hills of Mel rose, Scotland, which the new town resembled. The town's name was suggested and advocated for by William Bogle, a Scotland native and longtime resident of North Malden. In 1853, Melrose annexed the highland from neighboringStoneham, creating its current borders. The population of MelRose continued to grow throughout the second half of the nineteenth century. In 1850, the town split from Malden proper and was incorporated as the town ofMelrose. It is now home to more than 30,000 people.

Geography

Melrose is located at 42°2733N 71°344W (42.459045, 71.062339). It borders four cities and towns: Malden, Saugus, Stoneham, and Wakefield. Ell Pond, Swains Pond, Sewall Woods, Mount Hood, Boston Rock, Pine Banks Park, and the eastern reaches of the Middlesex Fells Reservation are among the city's major geographic features. The writer Elizabeth George Speare, who was born in Melrose, wrote of her hometown: "Melrose was an ideal place in which to have grown up, close to fields and woods where we hiked and picnicked, and near to Boston where we frequently had family treats of theaters and concerts" The city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km²), of which 4.7 square miles of land is land and 0.1 sq miles (0.26 km²) of water. It is approximately 7 miles (11 km) north of Boston, Massachusetts. The city's largest body of water is Ell pond, situated near the center of the city, while other major bodies are Swains pond and Towners Pond, located on the east side near Mount Hood Golf Club. Melrose has a population of 1,071 (1.1% of its population is foreign-born). The city is home to the U.S. Air Force Academy and the University of Massachusetts at Melrose.

Government

Melrose is served by an eleven-member City council. The entire city elects four At-Large City Councilors (currently Christopher Cinella, Jack Eccles, Maya Jamaleddine, and Leila Migliorelli) In comparison, the seven Ward Councilors, elected by voters in their wards, are Manjula Karamcheti (Ward 1), John Obremski (Ward 2), Robb Stewart (Ward 3), Mark Garipay (Ward 4), Shawn M. MacMaster (Ward 5), Jennifer Grigoraitis (Ward 6) and Ryan Williams (Ward 7) The mayor's position became a four-year term (from two) and was given a seat on the School Committee in 2007. All councilors are elected to two-year terms. City elections are held in odd-numbered years. Melrose is part of the fifth Congressional district of Massachusetts, and is represented by Katherine Clark (D). The current U.S. senators from Massachusetts are Edward J. Markey (D) and Elizabeth Warren (D), both of whom are from Melrose. The current mayor is Paul Brodeur, who took over for Gail Infurna who had served since early 2018, replacing Mayor Robert J. Dolan, who resigned to take a position as Town Administrator in nearby Lynnfield. The city is represented in the Massachusetts Senate by Jason Lewis (D); the current governor is Charlie Baker (R). The mayor is a Democrat.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 26,983 people, 11,213 households, and 7,076 families residing in the city. The average household size was 2.38, and the average family size was 3.05. The racial makeup of the city was 91.1% White, 2.4% African American, 0.1%) Native American, 3.8% Asian, 1.9% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females, there are 88.8 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there is 85.4 males. The city's population was spread out, with 23.5%. under the age of 20, 4.0% from 20 to 24, 27.4%. from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.9%. who were 65 years of age or older. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the city has a population of 26.9 million people, with 11.3% of that population living in the state of New Mexico. The state's population at the time of the 2010 census was 26.8 million. The United States Census Bureau estimated the population at 26.7 million. It is the most populous city in New Mexico, followed by Las Vegas, Las Vegas and Phoenix.

Education

The Melrose School district runs several schools including The Franklin Early Childhood Center, five elementary schools (Roosevelt, Lincoln, Winthrop, Hoover, and Horace Mann), Melrose Veterans Memorial Middle School (MVMMS), and Melrose High School. The city also has a private elementary school, St. Mary of the Annunciation, run by one of the city's Catholic churches of the same name. MVMMS is a school to about one thousand eleven- through fourteen-year-olds and was the winner of the 2002 Massachusetts Department of Education's Compass School Award, the 2007 Massachusetts Technology Collaborative's Green School Award (for its use of solar energy), and the 2008 New England League of Middle Schools' Spotlight School Award. The school district also runs a preschool, Pre-K, and multiage programs. The Melrose Public School District runs a number of schools including Melrose Elementary School, Melrose Middle School, and the Melrose high school. The district runs a variety of after-school programs, including a summer program for children with disabilities. The high school also runs an after school program called Melrose Summer School, which runs through the end of the school year. It is the only high school in the city to offer after school programs. It also has an after- school program for the mentally disabled, which is available through the summer. The public school has a program that allows the mentally-disabled to attend after school for up to three years. It was founded in the 1970s and is run by a group of former high school students.

Health care

There are many health care facilities located in Melrose. Wakefield Hospital, a 234-bed non-profit hospital, was home to the world's first cochlear implant and laser surgery. The city's Milano Senior Center provides social, recreational, health, and educational programs for Melrose's senior citizens. There are many pediatricians, specialists, dentists and dermatologists in the city. There is also a medical center for the deaf and hard-to-reach areas of the city, as well as a nursing home. The hospital was among the first hospitals in the country to offer same day surgery. It was also the first hospital in the U.S. to offer a 24-hour emergency room. It is one of the largest hospitals in New York City, with more than 1,000 beds. It also has a children's hospital, a pediatric hospital, and a geriatric hospital, among other facilities. For confidential support call the Samaritans on 08457 90 90 90, visit a local Samaritans branch, or see www.samaritans.org for details. For support in the United States, call the National Suicide Prevention Line on 1-800-273-8255. For help in the UK, contact Samaritans at 08457 909090, or click here for information on how to get in contact with them.

Transportation

The only highway in Melrose is a short section of Route 99. There are three commuter rail stations: Wyoming Hill, Melrose/Cedar Park, and Melrose Highlands. Oak Grove, which is the northern terminus of the Orange Line subway system, is located in Malden on the Melrose city line. The city is also served by the MBTA. Service includes three bus routes: 131, 132 and 137. It is located on Massachusetts Route 1 in Saugus, Interstate 93 in Stoneham, Massachusetts Route 16 in Everett, and Route 128/Interstate 95 in Wakefield. It also has access to many nearby highways including Route 1, Route 128, Route 95 and Route 1/1/1 in Everett. It was the site of one of the first U.S. Air Force bases in the United States, located in the town of Melrose, Massachusetts. It has been home to the National Guard since the early 1900s. The Melrose Airport was built in the early 20th century and is located near the center of the city. Melrose was the location of the World War II-era Battle of the Bulge, which was fought from 1942 to 1945. The town is also home to a number of historic landmarks, including Mount Washington and Mount Washington Park, which overlooks the Boston Harbor. It's also the home of the Massachusetts Turnpike, which dates back to the early 1800s and was built on a former rail line from Boston to Boston.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts = 43.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 43. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Melrose = 3.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 9,439 individuals with a median age of 42.2 age the population dropped by -1.01% in Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 6,365.71 residents per square mile of area (2,458.07/km²). There are average 2.4 people per household in the 11,043 households with an average household income of $77,048 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.30% of the available work force and has dropped -4.07% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.56%. The number of physicians in Melrose per 100,000 population = 389.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Melrose = 48.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 50.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 118. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 203. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 15.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 50, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 64.43%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 18.5 years with median home cost = $336,600 and home appreciation of -5.85%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $7,131 per student. There are 14.5 students for each teacher in the school, 2075 students for each Librarian and 477 students for each Counselor. 7.47% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 24.94% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 15.07% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Melrose's population in Middlesex County, Massachusetts of 3,546 residents in 1900 has increased 2,66-fold to 9,439 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.34% female residents and 47.66% male residents live in Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 41.95% are single population.

  • 31.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Melrose require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    71.16% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 7.91% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 14.59% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.84% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, 64.43% are owner-occupied homes, another 32.27% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.29% are vacant.

  • The 68.03% of the population in Melrose, Middlesex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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