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Holland, Michigan

  •   State: 
    Ottawa County
      County FIPS: 
    42°47′15″N 86°06′32″W
      Area total: 
    17.45 sq mi
      Area land: 
    16.68 sq mi (43.21 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.77 sq mi (1.99 km²)
    662 ft (202 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Grand Rapids-Kentwood, MI
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,060.66 residents per square mile of area (795.62/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Holland is a city in the western region of the Lower Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,051, with an urbanized area population of 113,164, as of 2015. Holland was settled in 1847 by Dutch Calvinist separatists, under the leadership of Dr. Albertus van Raalte. The city suffered a major fire on October 8-9, 1871, at the same time as the Great Chicago Fire in Illinois and the very deadly Peshtigo Fire in Wisconsin. Holland is home to Hope College and Western Theological Seminary, institutions of the Reformed Church in America. Over 28% of the population in Holland is of Dutch descent. The Holland Museum contains exhibits about the city's history. Another, the Cappon House Museum, was built in 1874 and is a historic museum that once housed the first mayor of Holland, Isaac Cappons. The "Snowmelt Project" transports warm water from the nearby power plant to the downtown area of the city, with the purpose of clearing the streets and sidewalks of any snowfall. Holland's downtown is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It is in an area that has a large percentage of citizens of Dutch American heritage, and is in the Grand RapidsKentwoodMuskegon Combined Statistical Area. The Tulip Time Festival in May attracts thousands of tourists annually to the shoreline of Lake Macatawa.


Holland was settled in 1847 by Dutch Calvinist separatists, under the leadership of Dr. Albertus van Raalte. On March 25, 1867, Holland was incorporated as a city with Isaac Cappon being the city's first mayor. The city suffered a major fire on October 8-9, 1871, at the same time as the Great Chicago Fire in Illinois and the very deadly Peshtigo Fire in Wisconsin. In 1987, a 23-year-old City Council member, Phil Tanis, was elected mayor of Holland while he was still a Hope College student, becoming its youngest mayor. In 1846, Reverend George Smith established the Old Wing Mission as an outreach to the native population. The Ottawa living here were primarily practicing Catholics, but Smith tried converting them to Protestantism. While generally unsuccessful in converting the Native population, the two groups worked together relatively closely for a short time. This attempt to work and live together was not valued by the next group who arrived. Dutch settlers began stealing sugar and venison from the Ottawa. The Dutch were unwilling to accept the Ottawa people's mix of Catholic and Native culture. Soon, Dutch leaders tried to force the natives into wooded land in Allegan County. Eventually, the natives moved north to preserve their way of life and culture. The natives moved to Northport (on the Leelanau Peninsula), voyaging on boats and canoes. On October 8, 1872, the Great Michigan Fire (which included the Port Huron Fire of 1871), Manistee and Port Hur on, Michigan, also burned.


Holland is located on Lake Macatawa, near the shores of Lake Michigan. Over 28% of the population identified as being of Dutch descent. There are 170 churches in the greater Holland area. The city is the home to the church that started the trend of the "What Would Jesus Do?" bracelets in 1989. In 2010, Holland was ranked the second healthiest/happiest town in the United States by the Well-being Index. In 2013, Farmer's Insurance named the Holland/Grand Haven Area the most secure mid-sized city in the U.S. The Holland Museum contains exhibits about the city's history. Another, the Cappon House Museum, was built in 1874 and is a historic museum that once housed the first mayor of Holland, Dutch immigrant Isaac Capp on. The Tulip Time Festival has attracted big-name acts in recent years such as: Christina Aguilera in 2000, O-Town in 2001, The Verve Pipe in 2004, and Jars of Clay in 2006. In 2006, CNN Money named Holland as one of the top five places to retire in. Holland is also host to the annual Tulipanes Latino Art & Film Festival, which is held to celebrate the Latino contribution to the culture. It has been ranked as America's third largest town festival and was named Reader's Digest's best small town festival. About one million tourists visit Tulip time each year, for which the community finds innovative ways to enhance self-funded projects.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.35 sq mi (44.94 km²) of which 16.59 sq mi is land and 0.76sq mi (1.97km²) is water. The city is located in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. Holland Heights is located on the San Fernando River, which is a tributary of the Potomac River. It has a population of 1,816.5, according to the city's 2010 census. The area has an average temperature of  °C (°F) and an average annual rainfall of °C (°F) of 1,822.5 (1,723.5 km²), making it one of the hottest cities in the United States. It is also the most humid city in the state, with an average monthly temperature of °F (°C) of 1,722.7 (1 823.7 km²). The city's average yearly rainfall is 1,638.7 sq mi, or 1.8 inclusive of precipitation. The average annual temperature is  1.738 sq mi (2.723 km²), or 1,922 sq ft (3.722 mm), or 2,823 sq km (4.724 mm) in the city. In the city, the average annual precipitation is 1.9 in precipitation.


As of the census of 2010, there were 33,051 people, 12,021 households, and 7,593 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 85.2% White alone, 4.0% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.0 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.7% of the population, and White not Hispanic or Latinos were 70.0%. The city's median age was 31.7 years, with 24% of residents under the age of 18. The city has a population density of 1,992.2/sq mi (769.2-km²) and a water usage rate of 1.8%. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.13. The gender makeup ofthe city was 47. 5% male and 52.5 per cent female. the city's water use rate was 1.7 per cent, and the water usage rates were 1.9 per cent and 1.4 per cent. The average water usage was 1 per cent; the average water use temperature was 0.7 degrees Fahrenheit (0.4 degrees Celsius). The city is located on the U.S.-Mexico border and is on the Mexico-U.S. border. It is the only city in the state with a population of more than 10,000.


The City of Holland uses a council/manager form of government. The city manager is responsible for selecting all department heads, preparation of the budget and supervision of all employees. The current mayor is Nathan Bocks, a local attorney elected in November 2019. The mayor serves a two-year term, and two at-large council members and six ward council members each serve four-year terms. The Holland Board of Public Works was created in 1883. It provides electricity, water and sewer services. The council members as of September 2022 are: Tim Vreeman, Belinda Coronado, Nicki Arendshorst, Scott Corbin, David Hoekstra, Lyn Raymond and Quincy Byrd. The assistant city manager for Holland is Matt VanDyken, the former IT director for the city. The manager of the city's parks and recreation department is Mark Schmitz, who was appointed in February 2018 by the city council. He previously served as the city manager in the mid-1970s and had a street named after him near Fairbanks Avenue and 13th Street, which is the main entrance to Smallenburg Park and many of Hope College's athletic facilities. He served as city manager from 1988 until his retirement in the Fall 2011. He is the son of former city manager Soren Wolff, who also served the city in the 1970s and 1980s. He was appointed to the position in February 2010 by the City Council. He has been in the position since then.


Holland is a city in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. The city is home to several colleges and private schools. It is also home to the Grand Rapids Community College and Grand Valley State University. Holland is the home of the Holland Christian School and the Holland Seventh-day Adventist School. The town has a population of about 1,000. The population of Holland is about 2,000 people. Holland has a reputation for being a good place to live and to do business in the U.S. It also has a history of being a leader in the United States in terms of education and technology. It has been home to a number of colleges and universities, including Hope College, Western Theological Seminary, Davenport University, and Grand River State University, as well as private schools and charter schools. The Holland Christian Schools are a private Christian school, as are the Calvary Schools of Holland and theCorpus Christi Catholic School. Holland's public schools include West Ottawa Public Schools, Black River Public Schools and Vanderbilt Charter Academy. Holland also has several charter schools, including Eagle Crest Charter Academy and Thompson M-TEC (Adult Training), a partnership between the Ottawa Area Intermediate School District and Grand Rapids community college. The school district also runs the Holland Charter School, a charter school with kindergarten, elementary, secondary, and high school students. It was founded by the Meijer family in the early 1900s. The first school in Holland was opened in 1903.


Holland is home to the world's largest pickle factory. The H.J. Heinz Company opened the factory at the same location in 1897. The factory processes over 1 million lbs. of pickles per day during the green season. The company also produces pickles, sauces, mustards, and other products for Kraft Heinz and other brands. The Heinz factory is located on the island of Zeebrugge, near the city of Utrecht in the north of the Netherlands. It was opened in 1897 by the Heinz company, and is still in operation today. It is also home to a number of other companies, including Adient, Herman Miller, Johnson Controls, Magna, and Tiara Yachts/Wind Turbines.


The city and surrounding area is served by the MAX (Macatawa Area Express) transportation system, which offers both on-demand and high-speed bus service. The nearest airport with airline service is Gerald R. Ford International Airport in Grand Rapids, Michigan, about 35 mi (56 km) northeast. The city is also served by regularly scheduled Amtrak service (the Pere Marquette) east to Grand Rapids and west to Chicago with connections to all points east and west. The channel between Lake Macatawa and Lake Michigan allows pleasure craft and commercial boats, even bulk freighters, to access Holland's docks to unload coal, salt and iron scrap. This service evolved from the former "Dial-A-Ride Transportation" (DART) system. It is the only airport in the state that does not offer regularly scheduled commercial carriers. The airport is not served by regular commercial carriers; the nearest commercial carrier is the United States Air Force. It also offers regular Amtrak service, which links the city to Chicago and other major U.S. cities. The MAX system is a joint effort between the city and the city of Holland, Michigan and the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MHHS) The city also has a public library, the Holland Public Library, and the Holland Museum of Art and Science. The Holland Public Museum is located on the corner of Michigan Avenue and Michigan Avenue. It was built in the early 1900s and is one of the oldest public buildings in Michigan.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan = 30. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 36. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Holland = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 34,378 individuals with a median age of 31.9 age the population dropped by -2.84% in Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,060.66 residents per square mile of area (795.62/km²). There are average 2.62 people per household in the 11,701 households with an average household income of $43,857 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 16.10% of the available work force and has dropped -8.70% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 6.50%. The number of physicians in Holland per 100,000 population = 135.3.


The annual rainfall in Holland = 35.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 81.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 132. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 165. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan which are owned by the occupant = 63.16%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 43 years with median home cost = $85,830 and home appreciation of -13.70%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.15 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,430 per student. There are 17.5 students for each teacher in the school, 833 students for each Librarian and 593 students for each Counselor. 4.32% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.65% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.97% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Holland's population in Ottawa County, Michigan of 7,790 residents in 1900 has increased 4,41-fold to 34,378 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.34% female residents and 47.66% male residents live in Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan.

    As of 2020 in Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan are married and the remaining 47.47% are single population.

  • 16.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Holland require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    76.45% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.00% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.04% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.42% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan, 63.16% are owner-occupied homes, another 30.70% are rented apartments, and the remaining 6.14% are vacant.

  • The 53.87% of the population in Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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