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New Jersey

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
    38°56′ N to 41°21′ N | 73°54′ W to 75°34′ W
      Area total: 
    8,722.58 sq mi (22,591.38 km²) [5,582,775.040 acres]
      Area land: 
    7,354.22 sq mi (19,047.34 km²) [4,706,820.480 acres]
      Area water: 
    15.7% = 1,368.36 sq mi (3,544.04 km²) [875,954.560 acres]
    1,803 ft (549.6 m) High Point
    December 18, 1787 (3nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,263.0/sq mi (487.6/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $745,422 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 2.94% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 2.98% from 2021.  8.7% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  62,476. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  4.9%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $80,490 respectively per capita 2023 = $83,810.
      Housing units: 
    3,785,346 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 0.6% increase compared to 2020, specifically 24,106 more housing units.

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, particularly along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, and the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states; its biggest city is Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, and Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C., to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. New Jersey is bordered on the north and northeast by New York (parts of which are across the Hudson River, Upper New York Bay, the Kill Van Kull, Newark Bay, and the Arthur Kill); on the east by the Atlantic Ocean; on the southwest by Delaware across Delaware Bay; and on the west by Pennsylvania across the Delaware River. New Jersey is often broadly divided into three geographic regions: North Jersey, Central Jersey, and South Jersey. Some New Jersey residents do not consider Central Jersey a region in its own right, but others believe it is a separate geographic and cultural area from the North and South. Within those regions are five distinct areas, based upon natural geography and population concentration. Northeastern New Jersey lies closest to Manhattan in New York City, and up to 1 million residents commute daily into the city for work, often via public transportation. Northwestern New Jersey, is more wooded, rural, and mountainous.

The given New Jersey location map shows that New Jersey is located on the Middle Atlantic coast of Northern-eastern United States. Map of New Jersey also shows that New Jersey shares its state borders with Delaware in the south-west, Pennsylvania in the east, and New York in the north. Besides, it has coastline in the east along the Atlantic Ocean. Likewise, New Jersey lies completely within the sprawling metropolitan areas of New York City and Philadelphia. Surprisingly, New Jersey is the most densely populated state and second wealthiest state in the United States.

The capital city of New Jersey is Trenton; however, the largest city is Newark. Other important cities are Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Edison, and Woodbridge Township.

Having the humid continental climate, New Jersey is one of the most preferred tourists destinations. The state has numerous tourists’ attractions including museums, theme parks, sport centers, and entertainment centers.

Grounds for Sculpture features fantastical, interactive sculptures and exhibits on 42 acres of land in central New Jersey. The Van Gogh bedroom exhibit is especially fun for kids.

The US State New Jersey occupies 19,048 m², about 0,21 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State New Jersey with 9,005,644 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 7,03 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 1,640,821 fewer people. The capital Trenton alone has 84,964 inhabitants.

Trenton became New Jersey's capital in November 1790. Trenton's pottery industry dates back to colonial times. Newark has approximately 281,764 residents and celebrated its 350th birthday in 2016.

The Jersey shore, along the Atlantic Coast in Central and South Jersey, has its own unique natural, residential, and cultural characteristics owing to its location by the ocean. The Delaware Valley includes the southwestern counties of the state, which reside within the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area. The Pine Barrens region is in the southern interior of New Jersey. Covered rather extensively by mixed pine and oak forest, it has a much lower population density than much of the rest of the state. The federal Office of Management and Budget divides New Jersey's counties into seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas, with 16 counties included in either the New York City or Philadelphia metro areas. Four counties have independent metro areas, and Warren County is part of the Pennsylvania-based Lehigh Valley metro area. New Jersey is also at the center of the Northeast megalopolis. High Point, in Montague Township, Sussex County, is the state's highest elevation, at 1,803 feet (550 m) above sea level. The state's highest prominence is Kitty Ann Mountain in Morris County, rising 892 feet. The Palisades are a line of steep cliffs on the west side of the Hudson River, in Bergen and Hudson Counties. Major New Jersey rivers include the Hudson, Delaware, Raritan, Passaic, Hackensack, Rahway, Musconetcong, Mullica, Rancocas, Manasquan, Maurice, and Toms rivers. Due to New Jersey's peninsular geography, both sunrise and sunset are visible over water from different points on the Jersey Shore. There are two climatic conditions in the state. The south, central, and northeast parts of the state have a humid subtropical climate, while the northwest has a humid continental climate (microthermal), with much cooler temperatures due to higher elevation. New Jersey receives between 2,400 and 2,800 hours of sunshine annually.

New Jersey is known under different nicknames; aka Garden State (used on license plates), or The Crossroads of the Revolution (previously used on license plates), or The Cornerstone State (used colloquially, especially with reference to Pennsylvania when it is called the Keystone State)., or The Suburban State and detailed official information about New Jersey can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in New Jersey, NJ about 925,852 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 10.2% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in New Jersey are about 793,418 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $89,227 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $88,164, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $90,290 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in New Jersey = 25.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 14. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in New Jersey = 3.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in New Jersey = 45.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 22.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 113. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 206. 85.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 9,288,994 individuals with a median age of 38.4 age the population grows by 3.60% in New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,263.0/sq mi (487.6/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.31 people per household in the 3,178,888 households with an average household income of $82,545 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.30% of the available work force and has dropped -3.93% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.84%. The number of physicians in New Jersey per 100,000 population = 261.8.

The percentage of housing units in New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 60.49%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 43 years with median home cost = $301,460 and home appreciation of -9.54%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $23.69 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $8,806 per student. There are 13.2 students for each teacher in the school, 762 students for each Librarian and 722 students for each Counselor. 5.29% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 18.66% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 10.93% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • New Jersey's population of 906,096 residents in 1870 has increased 4,93-fold to 9,288,994 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 51.03% female residents and 48.97% male residents live in New Jersey, USA.

    As of 2020, 57.61% in New Jersey are married and the remaining 42.39% are single population.

  • 32.6 minutes is the average time that residents in New Jersey require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.01% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.54% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 9.32% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.78% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in New Jersey, 60.49% are owner-occupied homes, another 8.70% are rented apartments, and the remaining 30.81% are vacant.

  • 54.85% of the population in New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 41.610%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 57.140%) of those eligible to vote in New Jersey.

Skyline of New Jersey

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Landscape of New Jersey