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Hoboken

City of Hoboken

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
      County: 
    Hudson County
      City: 
    Hoboken
      County FIPS: 
    34017
      Coordinates: 
    40°44′42″N 74°01′57″W
      Area total: 
    1.97 sq mi (5.10 km²)
      Area land: 
    1.25 sq mi (3.24 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.72 sq mi (1.87 km²)
      Elevation: 
    23 ft (7 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated April 9, 1849
  •   Latitude: 
    40,744
      Longitude: 
    -74,0326
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    07030
      GMAP: 

    Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
    9,954
      Population density: 
    48,335.2 residents per square mile of area (18,662.3/km²)
      Household income: 
    $91,984
      Households: 
    20,903
      Unemployment rate: 
    5.70%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    8.97%

Hoboken (HOH-boh-kn; Unami: Hupokàn) is a city in Hudson County in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The city was first settled by Europeans as part of the Pavonia, New Netherland colony in the 17th century. During the early 19th century, the city was developed by Colonel John Stevens, first as a resort and later as a residential neighborhood. It is the location of the first recorded game of baseball and of the Stevens Institute of Technology, one of the oldest technological universities in the United States. Hoboken is also known as the birthplace and hometown of Frank Sinatra; various streets and parks in the city have been named after him. With more than 42,400 inhabitants per square mile (16,400/km²), Hoboken was ranked as the third-most densely populated municipality in theUnited States among cities with a population above 50,000. It has been nicknamed the Mile Square City, but it actually occupies about 1.25 sq mi (3.2 km²) of land. The character of the city has changed from an artsy industrial vibe from the days when Maxwell House coffee, Lipton tea, Hostess Cupcakes, and Wonder Bread called Hoboken home, to one of trendy shops and expensive condominiums. The first recorded European to lay claim to the area was Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company, who anchored his ship at Weehawken Cove in 1609.

History

Hoboken was originally an island which was surrounded by the Hudson River on the east and tidal lands at the foot of the New Jersey Palisades on the west. It was a seasonal campsite in the territory of the Hackensack, a phratry of the Lenni Lenape, who used the serpentine rock found there to carve pipes. In 1630, Michael Reyniersz Pauw, a burgemeester (mayor) of Amsterdam and a director of the Dutch West India Company, received a land grant as patroon on the condition that he would plant a colony of not fewer than fifty persons within four years. Three Lenape sold the land that became Hoboken and part of Jersey City for 80 fathoms (146 m) of wampum, 20 fathom, 12 kettles, six guns, two blankets, one double kettle, and half a barrel of beer. The first recorded European to lay claim to the area was Henry Hudson, who anchored his ship the Halve Maen (Half Moon) at Weehawken Cove on October 2, 1609. The name Hoboken was chosen by Colonel John Stevens when he bought land, on a part of which the city still sits. In the nineteenth century, the name was changed to Hoboken, influenced by Flemish Dutch immigrants and a folk etymology had emerged linking the town of Hoboken to the similarly-named Hoboken district of Antwerp. During the late 19th/early 20th century the population and culture was dominated by German language speakers who sometimes called it "Little Bremen".

Geography

Hoboken lies on the west bank of the Hudson River between Weehawken and Union City to the north and Jersey City (the county seat) to the south and west. The city is laid out in a grid. Northsouth streets are named (Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jackson, Harrison, and Clinton, for example). The numbered streets running eastwest start two blocks north of Observer Highway with First Street. Castle Point (or Stevens Point), The Projects, Hoboken Terminal, and Hudson Tea are distinct enclaves at the city's periphery. As it transforms from its previous industrial use to a residential district, the "Northwest" is a name being used for that part of the city. Hoboken's ZIP Code is 07030 and its area code is 201. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.00 square miles (5.18 km²) of land and 0.75 square miles of water (37.50% of the total area) The city's population is 2,816, according to the 2010 United States Census. The area code for the city is 201, and the ZIP Code for the area code of Hoboken is 070030. It has a population of 2,715. The population of Jersey City is 1,716, and it has a area of 1,822, according the 2010 U.N. Census. It is located on the Hudson river between WeEHawken, Union City, and Jersey city.

Climate

Hoboken's temperatures hover around an average in winter, rising and falling, rather than a consistent pattern with a clear coldest time of year. Minimums occur in late December and early-mid February. Temperatures rise and fall repeatedly throughout January. There is no consistent pattern in Hoboken's winter temperatures. There are no consistent patterns in winter temperatures across the U.S. and around the world. There's no clear pattern in winter in the United States or around the globe, with minimums occurring in lateDecember and early February, and highs in late January and mid-February. It's not clear if Hoboken has a consistent winter pattern or if it's more like a cyclical pattern. It is not clear whether Hoboken will have a clear winter pattern in the next few years, or if there will be more extremes in the coming years. The city's average winter temperature is about 5 degrees above average, with the coldest temperatures occurring in December and February. The coldest months are January and February, with highs in the mid-teens and early 20s, and lows in the low 30s and early 30s. The average winter high is about 6 degrees above normal, with lows in mid-November and early to late-January around 5-6 degrees. The warmest month is March, with temperatures in the high 30s to mid-30s, with a high of 6-7 degrees in the late-November to early-February, and a low of 7-8 degrees in March.

Demographics

The 2010 U.S. census counted 50,005 people, 25,041 households, and 9,465 families in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 82.24% (41,124) White, 3.53% (1,767) Black or African American, 0.15% (73) Native American, 7.12% (3,558) Asian, 0.03% (15) Pacific Islander, 4.29% (2,144) from other races, and 2.65% (1,324) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.20% (7,602) of the population. The median household income was $101,782 (with a margin of error of +/ $3,219) and the median family Income was $121,614 (+/ $18,466) in 2010. About 9.6% of families and 11.0% of the residents were below the poverty line, including 20.7% under age 18 and 24.4% of those age 65 or over. The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.68. The population density was 30,239.2 inhabitants per square mile (11,636.5/km²), fourth highest in the nation after neighboring communities of Guttenberg, Union City and West New York. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 100.7 males.

Economy

Hoboken is home to one of the headquarters of publisher John Wiley & Sons. Stevens Institute of Technology contributed $117 million to Hoboken's economy in 2014. In 2018, Hoboken had an unemployment rate of 2.1%, vs. 3.9% countywide. The first centrally air-conditioned public space in the U.S. was demonstrated at Hoboken Terminal in 1964. The city's unemployment rate as of 2014 was 3.3%, compared to a 6.5% in Hudson County as a whole. The New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development says Hoboken has a jobless rate of 3.1%. The city has a population of 2,816, according to the city's 2010 census. The unemployment rate for Hoboken as of 2018 was 2.3%. It is estimated that Hoboken will have a job shortage of 1,000 in 2018. The Hoboken unemployment rate in 2018 is expected to be 2.2%. The unemployment Rate for Hobokans as a Whole is estimated to be 3.5%. The Hobokan unemployment rate is expected at 2.7%. The Unemployment Rate for Hudson County is estimated at 3.8% in 2018 and 3.7% for New Jersey as a entire. The state's joblessness rate is projected to be 4.1% in 2019. It is expected that the unemployment rate will be 5.0% in 2020 and 6.0 percent in 2023. The town's population is 2,715, compared to the state's population of 3,822.

Parks and recreation

The four parks were originally laid out within city street grid in the 19th century were Church Square Park, Columbus Park, Elysian Park and Stevens Park. Four other parks that were developed later but fit into the street pattern are Gateway Park, Jackson Street Park, Legion Park and Madison Park. A multi-use sports field called 1600 Park opened in 2013, while the one-acre Southwest Park was completed along Jackson Street and Paterson Avenue in 2017. The Hudson River Waterfront Walkway is a state-mandated master plan to connect the municipalities from the Bayonne Bridge to the George Washington Bridge creating an 18 mi (29 km)-long urban linear park. By law, any development on the waterfront must provide a public promenade with a minimum width of 30 ft (9.1 m). To date, completed segments in Hoboken and the new parks and renovated piers that abut them are at Hoboken Terminal, Pier A, Frank Sinatra Park, Castle Point Park, Sinatra Drive to 12th to 14th Streets, New York Waterway Pier, 14th Street Pier, and 14th St north to southern side of Weehawken Cove. Other segments of river-front held privately are not required to build a walkway until the land is re-developed. As of 2019, the city was considering expanding the park to a property across the street. The $90 million park features many environmentally friendly features and includes an underground stormwater detention system that can store roughly one million gallons of water to help mitigate flooding.

Arts and culture

Hoboken has many annual events such as the Frank Sinatra Idol Contest, Hoboken Comedy Festival and Hoboken House Tour. The Hoboken Farmer's Market occurs every Tuesday, June through October. The Macy's Parade Studio houses many of the floats for the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. Many Stevens students, alumni, and staff members volunteer in the preparation and piloting of the parade floats. The studio was moved out of Hoboken and into a converted former Tootsie Roll Factory in Moonachie, New Jersey 2011. The Hudson Shakespeare Company has been the resident Shakespeare Festival of Hudson County performing a free Shakespeare production for each month of the summer. There are also numerous festivals such as. the Saint Patrick's Day Parade, Feast of Saint Anthony's, Saint Ann's Feast and the Hoboken Italian Festival. The city is also home to cultural attractions such as Barsky Gallery and creative institutions such asThe Hoboken Historical Museum and the Monroe Center.

Government and public service

The City of Hoboken is governed under the mayor-council (Plan D) system of municipal government. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the nine-member City Council. The city is located in the 8th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 33rd state legislative district. New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term end 2025) The Hudson County Executive, elected at-large, is Thomas A. DeGise. Hudson County Board of County Commissioner District 5 comprises Hoboken and parts of the Heights in Jersey City and is represented by Anthony Romano. As of March 23, 2011, there were 35,532 registered voters in Hoboken, of which 14,385 (40.5%) were registered as Democrats. In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66,1% of the vote (14,443 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 32,4% (7,078 votes) The city's 40,209 ballots were spoiled for a 54% turnout, with a total of 22,018 votes cast by the city's registered voters (8.8% of ballots cast for a city's spoiled ballots for 54% of votes cast for 54%. In the 2017 general election, Ravinder Bhalla was elected to succeed Dawn Zimmer becoming the state's first Sikh mayor. Bhalla's term of office ends December 31, 2025.

Social services

The majority of HOPES program participants have incomes below the federal poverty threshold. Services include those for youth enrichment, adults, senior assistance, and early childhood development. In December 2018, the city of Hoboken installed eight parking meters in high foot-traffic areas, painted orange, to collect donations to benefit homelessness initiatives. The Hoboken Homeless Shelter, one of the three homeless shelters in the county, was established in 1964 under President Lyndon B. Johnson's administration signing the Economic Opportunity Act. The city's homeless shelter is located in a building that was once used by the New Jersey Department of Health and Human Services, but has since been converted into a homeless shelter. The shelter is open to the public on weekdays and to the community at large on Saturday and Sunday afternoons.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey = 14.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 27. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Hoboken = 3.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 9,954 individuals with a median age of 34.1 age the population grows by 6.07% in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 48,335.2 residents per square mile of area (18,662.3/km²). There are average 1.89 people per household in the 20,903 households with an average household income of $91,984 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 5.70% of the available work force and has dropped -4.60% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.10%. The number of physicians in Hoboken per 100,000 population = 138.6.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Hoboken = 43.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 26.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 106. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 220. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 23.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 21.62%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 52 years with median home cost = $519,350 and home appreciation of -2.92%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $29.69 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $15,177 per student. There are 9.9 students for each teacher in the school, 473 students for each Librarian and 270 students for each Counselor. 3.21% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 40.49% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 19.72% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Hoboken's population in Hudson County, New Jersey of 6,146 residents in 1900 has increased 1,62-fold to 9,954 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 48.75% female residents and 51.25% male residents live in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 68.20% are single population.

  • 39.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Hoboken require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    24.42% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 3.98% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 58.55% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.60% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, 21.62% are owner-occupied homes, another 73.27% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.11% are vacant.

  • The 59.11% of the population in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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