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Santa Fe

  •   State: 
    New Mexico
    Santa Fe County
    Santa Fe
      County FIPS: 
    35°40′2″N 105°57′52″W
      Area total: 
    52.34 sq mi
      Area land: 
    52.23 sq mi (135.28 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.11 sq mi (0.29 km²)
    6,998 ft (2,133 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Santa Fe, NM
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) UTC-6:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,675.28 residents per square mile of area (646.83/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Santa Fe (SAN-t FAY, - fay; Spanish: [santafe], Spanish for 'Holy Faith' in Spanish) is the capital of the U.S. state of New Mexico. The cityscape is known for its adobe-style Pueblo Revival and Territorial Revival architecture. Santa Fe is widely considered one of the world's great art cities, due to its many art galleries and installations. Its cultural highlights include Santa Fe Plaza, the Palace of the Governors, the Fiesta de Santa Fe, numerous restaurants featuring distinctive New Mexican cuisine, and performances of New Mexican music. In 1610, Juan de Oñate established the area as Santa Fe de Nuevo México, a province of New Spain. It replaced the previous capital, San Juan de los Caballeros, near modern Española, at San Gabriel de Yungue-Ouinge, which makes it the oldest state capital in the United States. It is also at the highest altitude of any of the US state capitals, with an elevation of 7,199 feet (2,194 m) The city's full, legal name remains to this day as La Villa Real de la Santa Fe of San Francisco de Asís. The full name of the city is in both the seal and the flag, although, as pointed out by Associated Press in 2020, Assisi in Spanish is misspelled, reading Ais instead of Asis. The standard Spanish pronunciation of theCity's name is SAHN-tah-FEH.


Santa Fe is the primary city name, but also Jaconita, Nambe Pueblo, San Ildefonso, San Ildefonso Pueblo, Tesuque Puebl, Tesuque Pueblo are acceptable city names or spellings. Before European colonization of the Americas, the area Santa Fe occupied between 900 CE and the 1500s was known to the Tewa peoples as Oghá P'o'oge ('white shell water place') and by the Navajo people as Yootó ('bead' + 'water place') In 1610, Juan de Oñate established the area as Santa Fe de Nuevo México, a province of New Spain. Formal Spanish settlements were developed leading the colonial governor Pedro de Peralta to rename the area La Villa Real de la Santa Fe of San Francisco de Asís ('the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi') The Spanish phrase Santa Fe is translated as 'holy faith' in English. The full name of the city is in both the seal and the flag, although, as pointed out by Associated Press in 2020, Assisi in Spanish is misspelled, reading Ais instead of Asís. The standard Spanish pronunciation of the City's name is SAHN-tah-FEH, as contextualized within the city's full Spanish name. However, due to the large amounts of tourism and immigration into Santa Fe, an English pronunciation of SAN-tuh-FAY is also commonly used. The City's full, legal name remains to this day as La Villareal de laSanta Fe de San Franciscode Asís, which means 'Royal Town of Holy Faith' or 'Holy Faith' in Spanish.


The area of Santa Fe was originally occupied by indigenous Tanoan peoples, who lived in numerous Pueblo villages along the Rio Grande. One of the earliest known settlements in what today is downtown Santa Fe came sometime after 900 CE. The river had a year-round flow until the 1700s. By the 20th century the Santa Fe River was a seasonal waterway. As of 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers. The city was Spain's provincial seat at outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. It was considered important to fur traders based in present-day Saint Louis, Missouri. When the area was still under Spanish rule, the Chouteau brothers of Saint Louis gained a monopoly on the fur trade, before the U.S. acquired Missouri under the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. It has almost constantly remained the capital of the province, which it has almost always remained, making it the oldest state capital in theUnited States. Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution after Mexico achieved independence from Spain. In 1846, the United. States declared war on Mexico. By 1848 the New Mexico state was officially gained through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. In 1776, Santa Fe labeled "Spain" showing the lack of communications and quality of military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule. After Mexican annexation, Texas claimed Santa Fe along with other territory in eastern New Mexico along with Texas.


Santa Fe is located at 7,199 feet (2,194 m) above sea level, making it the highest state capital in the United States. The city has a subtropical highland climate (Cfb) or a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb) The 24-hour average temperature in the city ranges from 30.3 °F (0.9 °C) in December to 70.1°F (21.2 °C), much of the year. The heaviest rainfall occurs in July and August, with the arrival of the North American Monsoon. The Spanish laid out the city according to the "Laws of the Indies", town planning rules and ordinances which had been established in 1573 by King Philip II. As the city grew throughout the 19th century, the building styles evolved too, so that by statehood in 1912, the eclectic nature of the buildings caused it to look like "Anywhere USA". The city government realized that the economic decline, which had started more than twenty years before with the railway moving west and the federal government closing down Fort Marcy, might be reversed by the promotion of tourism. To achieve that goal, the city created the idea of imposing a unified building style the Spanish Pueblo Revival look. The sources for this style came from the many defining features of local architecture: vigas (rough, exposed beams that extrude through supporting walls, and are thus visible outside as well as inside the building) and canales (rain spouts cut into short parapet walls around flat roofs).

Architectural highlights

The city is home to the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi and the New Mexico State Capitol. The Barrio De Analco Historic District is the heart of the city. The Santa Fe Railyard arts district is the city's largest arts district. The city is also home to a number of historic buildings. The New Mexico Governor's Mansion and the San Miguel Mission are among the state's most famous landmarks. It is the home of the University of New Mexico and the Santa Fe Museum of Art and Science, which was founded in 1875. The town's main street is called Santa Fe Avenue. The downtown area is known as the SantaFe Quarter. The state's main shopping district is called New Mexico City. It was established in 1876. The area was once part of the town of Santa Fe, New Mexico, and is now known as Santa Fe City. The U.S. State Capitol is located in Santa Fe and was built in 1878. The State Museum of Arts and Science is located on the corner of the streets of downtown Santa Fe. It opened in 1881 and is the oldest state museum in the United States. It has been named after the U.N. Secretary-General, William J. Sanderlin, who served from 1881 to 1883. The City's main square is called the Plaza de Arquitectos, which dates back to the 17th century. The Plaza is the largest square in the state and was once the site of the Spanish-American War.


As of the 2020 census, there were 87,505 people living in the city, up from 67,947 in 2010, equating to an annual growth of close to 3%. As per the 2010 census, the racial makeup of the city residents was 78.9% White, 2.1% Native American; 1.4% Black, 1. 4% Asian; and 3.7% from two or more races. As of the census of 2000, the city had a population of 62,203 people, 27,569 households, and 14,969 families. The city's median income was $40,392, and the median income for a family was $49,705. About 9.5% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2%) of those age 65 or over. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was2.90. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there are 91.7 males. For. every 100 women age 18 or over, there there are 89.0 men. The age distribution was 20.3%. The average income for the city was $32,373 versus $27,431 for women. The per capita income forThe city is $25,454. According to the Census Bureau's 2006 American Community Survey, the Racial makeup ofThe city was 75% White, 2.5. Native American, 1.9. Asian, 0.4. African American, 0.3. Pacific Islander, 16.9%. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 44.5%.

Arts and culture

The city is well known as a center for arts that reflect the multicultural character of the city. It has been designated as a UNESCO Creative City in Design, Crafts and Folk Art. Santa Fe contains a lively contemporary art scene, with Meow Wolf as its main art collective. There are many outdoor sculptures, including many statues of Francis of Assisi, and several other holy figures, such as Kateri Tekakwitha. The 2006 racing video game Need For Speed: Carbon has an unused part of its Palmont City setting called San Juan, which you briefly play in, in the tutorial for the game's career mode. The San Juan setting is very loosely based on Santa Fe. The city has its own professional ballet company, Aspen Santa Fe Ballet, which performs in both cities and tours nationally and internationally. It also hosts the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival which is held at about the same time, mostly in the St. Francis Auditorium and in the Lensic Theater. The Santa Fe New Mexican publishes Pasatiempo, its long-running calendar and commentary on arts and events. The Magazine has been the arts magazine of Santa Fe since its founding by Guy Cross in 1992. It publishes critical reviews and profiles New Mexico based artists monthly. Each Wednesday the alternative weekly newspaper, theSanta Fe Reporter, publishes information on the arts and culture of SantaFe. SantaFe is home to internationally acclaimed Flamenco dancer's María Benítez Institute for Spanish Arts which offers programs and performance in FlamenCo, Spanish Guitar and other arts.


The city of Santa Fe is governed by a mayor-council system. The city is divided into four electoral districts, each represented by two councilors. The mayor is the chief executive officer of the city and is a member of the governing body. Day-to-day operations of the municipality are undertaken by the city manager's office. The Joseph M. Montoya Federal Building and Post Office serves as an office for U.S. federal government operations. It also contains the primary United States Postal Service post office in the city. Other post offices in the Santa Fe city limits include Coronado, De Vargas Mall, and Santa Fe Place Mall. The U.S. Courthouse building, constructed in 1889, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. The Santa Fe City Hall is located in the center of the town and was built in the early 20th century. It is located on the corner of Main Street and the Plaza de Santa Fe. It was built to house the city's first post office, which was opened in 1883. It has been the primary post office for the city since then. The post office was moved to its current location in the late 1950s, when it was built on the site of the former Santa Fe County Courthouse. The current post office dates back to the early 1900s. The building was built as a federal courthouse in the 1880s, and is on the U.N. World Heritage Site. The federal building was added in the 1970s and is part of the National Park Service.


Tourism is a major element of the Santa Fe economy, with visitors attracted year-round by the climate and related outdoor activities. Most tourist activity takes place in the historic downtown, especially on and around the Plaza. The Canyon Road arts area with its galleries is also a major attraction for locals and visitors alike. Some visitors find Santa Fe particularly attractive around the second week of September when the aspens in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains turn yellow and the skies are clear and blue. This is also the time of the annual Fiestas de Santa Fe, celebrating the "reconquering" of Santa Fe by Don Diego de Vargas, a highlight of which is the burning Zozobra ("Old Man Gloom"), a 50-foot (15 m) marionette. The historic Bandelier National Monument and the Valles Caldera can be found about 30 mi (48 km) away. Ski Santa Fe is about 16 mi (26 km) northeast of the city. Chimayo is also nearby and many locals complete the annual pilgrimage to the Santuario de chimayo. The town of Taos, about 70 mi (113 km) north of SantaFe, is a popular destination for day trips. The Santa Fe International Folk Art Market, which takes place each year during the second full weekend of July, is one of the most popular tourist events in the area. The city is home to the National Museum of American History, which houses the largest collection of American art in the world.

Science and technology

Santa Fe has had an association with science and technology since 1943 when the town served as the gateway to Los Alamos National Laboratory. In 1984, the Santa Fe Institute was founded to research complex systems in the physical, biological, economic, and political sciences. The National Center for Genome Resources (NCGR) was founded in 1994 to focus on research at the intersection among bioscience, computing, and mathematics. In the 1990s and 2000s several technology companies formed to commercialize technologies from LANL, SFI and NCGR. Due to its attractiveness for visitors and an established tourist industry, Santa Fe routinely serves as a host to a variety of scientific meetings, summer schools, and public lectures, such as International q-bio Conference on Cellular Information Processing, and LANL's Center For Nonlinear Studies Annual Conference. It has hosted such Nobel laureates as Murray Gell-Mann (physics), Philip Warren Anderson (ph physics), and Kenneth Arrow (economics) The city is home to the U.S. Air Force Academy and the University of New Mexico. It is also the home of the National Museum of Natural History and Science, which was established in 1891. The Santa Fe Museum of Nature and Science is located in the town's historic center. The town is also home to a number of museums, including the New Mexico Museum of Science and Art, which dates back to the 19th century. The city has been the site of several major scientific conferences, including those of Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, and others.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico = 97. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 73. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 100. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Santa Fe = 6.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 87,505 individuals with a median age of 42.8 age the population grows by 16.32% in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,675.28 residents per square mile of area (646.83/km²). There are average 2.24 people per household in the 31,416 households with an average household income of $48,402 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 5.60% of the available work force and has dropped -5.15% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.10%. The number of physicians in Santa Fe per 100,000 population = 281.3.


The annual rainfall in Santa Fe = 13.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 25.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 80. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 283. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 78, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico which are owned by the occupant = 53.14%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 29 years with median home cost = $281,260 and home appreciation of -7.07%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $4.14 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,256 per student. There are 16.1 students for each teacher in the school, 698 students for each Librarian and 421 students for each Counselor. 5.37% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 21.17% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 17.98% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Santa Fe's population in Santa Fe County, New Mexico of 5,603 residents in 1900 has increased 15,62-fold to 87,505 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.59% female residents and 48.41% male residents live in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico.

    As of 2020 in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico are married and the remaining 53.57% are single population.

  • 19.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Santa Fe require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    72.84% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.32% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.53% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 7.11% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, 53.14% are owner-occupied homes, another 38.44% are rented apartments, and the remaining 8.42% are vacant.

  • The 48.09% of the population in Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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