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  •   State: 
    38°24′ N to 41°59′ N | 80°31′ W to 84°49′ W
      Area total: 
    44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²) [28,688,377.600 acres]
      Area land: 
    40,948 sq mi (106,156 km²) [26,150,887.680 acres]
      Area water: 
    8.7% = 3,877 sq mi (10,040 km²) [2,537,489.920 acres]
    1,549 ft (472 m) Campbell Hill
    March 1, 1803
      Capital seat: 


  • Ohio, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    282/sq mi (109/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $822,67 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 3.22% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 3.26% from 2021.  8.7% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  66,053. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  4.3%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $69,978 respectively per capita 2023 = $72,550.
      Housing units: 
    5,293,356 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 1.0% increase compared to 2020, specifically 50,830 more housing units.

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus. The state takes its name from the Ohio River, whose name in turn originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river" or "large creek". Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and the first under the Northwest Ordinance. Ohio is historically known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes". Ohio rose from the wilderness of Ohio Country west of Appalachia in colonial times through the Northwest Indian Wars as part of the Northwest Territory in the early frontier, to become the first non-colonial free state admitted to the union, to an industrial powerhouse in the 20th century before transmogrifying to a more information and service based economy in the 21st. Ohio's geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic growth and expansion. Because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo and business traffic passes through its borders along its well-developed highways. Ohio has the nation's 10th largest highway network and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North America's population and 70% of North America's manufacturing capacity.

As shown in the given Ohio location map that Ohio is located in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Ohio map also shows that Ohio shares its borders with Pennsylvania and West Virginia in the east, Kentucky in the south, Indiana in the west, and Michigan in the north-west.

Major cities of the state are – Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, and Dayton Interestingly, the name Ohio is derived from the Iroquois word "ohi-yo", the meaning of this word is "great river." Columbus is the largest and capital city of the United States. The climate type of Ohio is humid continental.

The manufacturing and financial activities sectors contribute substantially to the state’s economy. Besides, the agriculture and other industries are also important in the state.

A one-of-a-kind museum, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland pays tribute to the musical greats of the world through interactive, rotating exhibits and displays. Of course, live music is part of the experience too!

The US State Ohio occupies 105,831 m², about 1,16 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Ohio with 11,658,609 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 2,69 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 860,979 fewer people. The capital Columbus alone has 890,228 inhabitants.

Columbus was laid out as the state capital in 1812 but did not take over the government from Chillicothe until 1816.

To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles (502 km) of coastline, which allows for numerous cargo ports. Ohio's southern border is defined by the Ohio River (with the border being at the 1792 low-water mark on the north side of the river), and much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohio's neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, and West Virginia on the southeast. Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. In 1980, the U.S. Supreme Court held that, based on the wording of the cessation of territory by Virginia (which at that time included what is now Kentucky and West Virginia), the boundary between Ohio and Kentucky (and, by implication, West Virginia) is the northern low-water mark of the river as it existed in 1792. The climate of Ohio is a humid continental climate throughout most of the state, except in the extreme southern counties of Ohio's Bluegrass region section, which are located on the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate and Upland South region of the United States. Summers are typically hot and humid throughout the state, while winters generally range from cool to cold. Precipitation in Ohio is moderate year-round. Severe weather is not uncommon in the state, although there are typically fewer tornado reports in Ohio than in states located in what is known as the Tornado Alley. Severe lake effect snowstorms are also not uncommon on the southeast shore of Lake Erie, which is located in an area designated as the Snowbelt.

Ohio is known under different nicknames; aka Buckeye State, or Birthplace of Aviation, or The Heart of It All and detailed official information about Ohio can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Ohio, OH about 1,523,366 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 13.3% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Ohio are about 1,498,459 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $62,286 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $61,832, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $62,740 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Ohio = 40.4. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 35. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 80. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Ohio = 4.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Ohio = 38.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 27.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 128. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 173. 84.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 19.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 11,780,017 individuals with a median age of 37.9 age the population grows by 1.06% in Ohio population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 282/sq mi (109/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.51 people per household in the 4,563,201 households with an average household income of $54,021 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.00% of the available work force and has dropped -5.05% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.90%. The number of physicians in Ohio per 100,000 population = 218.4.

The percentage of housing units in Ohio which are owned by the occupant = 63.44%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 42 years with median home cost = $105,240 and home appreciation of -3.81%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $12.26 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $5,180 per student. There are 18.9 students for each teacher in the school, 688 students for each Librarian and 583 students for each Counselor. 5.96% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.08% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.48% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Ohio's population of 2,665,260 residents in 1870 has increased 2,84-fold to 11,799,448 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 51.27% female residents and 48.73% male residents live in Ohio, USA.

    As of 2020, 57.09% in Ohio are married and the remaining 42.91% are single population.

  • 25 minutes is the average time that residents in Ohio require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.70% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.13% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.92% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.84% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Ohio, 63.44% are owner-occupied homes, another 9.00% are rented apartments, and the remaining 27.57% are vacant.

  • 42.39% of the population in Ohio who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 46.830%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 51.360%) of those eligible to vote in Ohio.

Skyline of Ohio

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Landscape of Ohio