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Hershey

  •   State: 
    Pennsylvania
      County: 
    Dauphin County
      City: 
    Hershey
      County all: 
    Dauphin | Lebanon
      County FIPS: 
    42043 | 42075
      Coordinates: 
    40°16′42″N 76°39′4″W
      Area total: 
    14.42 sq mi (37.34 km²)
      Area land: 
    14.30 sq mi (37.03 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.12 sq mi (0.30 km²)
      Elevation: 
    411 ft (125 m)
  •   Latitude: 
    40,2746
      Longitude: 
    -76,6433
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    17033
      GMAP: 

    Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States

  •   Population: 
    13,858
      Population density: 
    969.23 residents per square mile of area (374.23/km²)
      Household income: 
    $52,882
      Households: 
    5,458
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.10%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    3.57%

Hershey is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Derry Township in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. It is known as the home of The Hershey Company, which was founded by candy magnate Milton S. Hershey. The community is located 14 miles (23 km) east of Harrisburg and is part of the HarrisburgCarlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area. It has no legal status as an incorporated municipality, and all its municipal services are provided by D Kerry Township. The population was 13,858 at the 2020 census. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Hershey CDP has a total area of 14.4 square miles (37.3 km²), of which 14.3 square miles of it is land and 0.058square miles (0.15 km²) is water. The town was founded in 1903 for Hershey workers, and their homes had modern amenities such as electricity, indoor plumbing, and central heating. The purpose was to provide "a perfect American town in a bucolic natural setting, where healthy, right-living, and well-paid workers lived in safe, happy homes" The town had a public trolley system, a free school to educate the children of employees, and a free vocational school to train orphaned and underprivileged boys. It also had an amusement park, golf courses, community center, hotel, zoo and a sports area.

History

The town was founded by Hershey in 1903 for the companys workers. Their homes had modern amenities such as electricity, indoor plumbing, and central heating. The town had a public trolley system, a free school to educate the children of employees, and a free vocational school to train orphaned and underprivileged boys. It also had an amusement park, golf courses, community center, hotel, zoo and a sports area. The purpose was to provide "a perfect American town in a bucolic natural setting, where healthy, right-living, and well-paid workers lived in safe, happy homes" The town was later sold to Hershey's confectionery company and turned into a theme park. It was also used as a training ground for children of the company's employees. It is now part of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, which has a history of more than 100 years. It has also been used as the site of the U.S. National Museum of Natural History and Museum of the American West, as well as the Museum of American History of the United States, which was founded in 1881. The museum is located in the town's historic center. It opened in 1883. It closed in the 1950s and has since become a museum of the history and culture of the town. The city is now home to the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee and the University of Wisconsin-Milford Schenectady and the University of Pennsylvania.

Geography

Hershey is located in southeastern Dauphin County. It is bordered to the east by Palmdale (also in Derry Township) and by Campbelltown (in South Londonderry Township, Lebanon County) To the west is the borough of Hummelstown. Over half the population of D Kerry Township is within the Hershey CDP. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Hershey has a total area of 14.4 square miles (37.3 km²) of which 14.3 square miles is land and 0.058 sq miles (0.15 km²), or 0.41%, is water. The city of Hershey was founded in 1858. It was named after the Hersheys, a family of chocolate confectioners who lived in the area. The town's name is derived from Hershey, Pennsylvania, a town that was once part of the Pennsylvania Turnpike. Hershey is also known for its chocolate-making process, which began in the 19th century. The Hershey Chocolate Company is based in the town and has been in business since the 1920s. The company is now owned by Hershey Corporation. It has a subsidiary company called Hershey Specialty Chocolate. The chocolate company was founded by the Hershes in the early 20th century and is still in business today. It also has a chocolate factory in the city's center, which was opened in the 1950s. In the 1980s, the company expanded into other parts of the state, including the city of Philadelphia.

Demographics

As of the 2020 census, there were 13,858 people living there. The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.1% White. 10.7% of the population identify as Hispanic or Latino. The median income for a household was $45,098, and $63,385 for a family. About 3.8% of families and 6.9% of those under age 18 were below the poverty line, including 6. 9% of children under 18 and 4. 7% of people age 65 or over. The average household size was 2.22, and the average family size was2.86. The population density was 886.5 people per square mile (342.2/km²). There were 5,887 housing units at an average density of 408.7/sq mi (157.7 /km²) The median age was 42 years, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 21. 8% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there are 86.3 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there is 82.1 males. The per capita for the C DP was $28,487. It is one of the most densely populated cities in the state. The city has a population of 12,771 people, with 5,451 households.

Transportation

U.S. Route 422 (Chocolate Avenue) runs through the center of Hershey. US 322 (Governor Road) passes south of the center. US 39 provides access to Hersheypark and Chocolate World. Amtrak's Keystone Service provides frequent rail service to the nearby towns of Middletown (9 miles), Harrisburg (13 miles) and Elizabethtown Amtrak Station (11 miles). CAT and LT (formerly known as COLT) provide bus service. From 1944 to 1981, Hershey had its own small general aviation airport on the front lawn of the Milton Hershey Middle School. The city is accessible via Harrisburg International Airport, approximately 12 miles (19 km) to the southwest. It is also accessible via Interstate 81 at Skyline View, about 6 miles (10 km) north of the CDP's western end. The town is located on the Pennsylvania Turnpike, which runs from New York City to Philadelphia. It also has its own Amtrak station, which is located in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania, about 11 miles from the city's eastern end. It's also possible to travel to Philadelphia from Hershey by air, via Pennsylvania Route 39, or Pennsylvania Route 322, about 15 miles (24 km) west of the city. The CDP is accessible by train, with the Keystone Service providing frequent service to Harrisburg and Philadelphia, as well as its eastern end in Philadelphia (95 miles) The city also has a small airport, which was built in the 1940s on the site of a former school.

Climate

Hershey has a humid continental climate (Dfa), as is very common in Pennsylvania. Temperatures can reach up to 95 °F in the summer, and fall below 20 °f in the winter. The hardiness zones are 6b and 7a. The city is located on the Pennsylvania Turnpike, which runs between Philadelphia and New York City. It has a population of 1.2 million, with a population density of 1,071 per square mile. The town is located in Pennsylvania's Keystone State, which is the state with the highest temperatures in the U.S. and the highest precipitation rates in the world. It also has the highest rainfall rate in the United States, with an average of 2.3 inches per year. It is the only city in Pennsylvania with a temperature of more than 90 °F. The temperature can reach as high as 95°F during the summer and as low as 20°F in winter. It's also the most humid city in the state, with average temperatures of 95 °F and higher. The area has a hardiness zone of 6b-7a, which means it has a high risk of mold and mildew, and a low-risk zone of 7a-7b, which has a low risk of mildew. The hardest part of the climate is the winter, when temperatures fall to 20 °F and below. The coldest time of the year is the spring, when the temperature drops to 15 °F, and the coldest part is the summer.

Education

Milton Hershey School, private philanthropic school founded in 1909 by chocolate magnate Milton Hershey to serve poor children. The Vista School, state-approved, private school for autistic students aged 3 to 21 years. Penn State University College of Medicine, medical school affiliated with Hershey Medical Center, serves children from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Hershey High School, public high school, serves students aged 12 and up. The Hershey Children's Home, a home for children with developmental disabilities, is located in the town of Derry, Pennsylvania. The children's home is home to the Hershey Center for Developmental Disabilities, a center for treatment of developmental disabilities. The school also has a daycare center, which is open to children aged 3-11 years old, and a day care center for children aged 2-12 years old. The town's public school district, Derry Township School District, serves the town's 4,000-plus residents. The district's high school district serves the area's 3,500-plus students aged 9-12. The high school's junior and senior high school serves the city's 1,200-plus-year-olds, and the high school has a junior/senior high school that serves the community's 8th-12th graders. The township's public elementary school serves a population of 2,500. The public high schools serve the towns' 1,400-1,500 residents.

Sports

Hershey was once home to the Hershey Wildcats of the A-League, a professional soccer team. The team folded after the 2001 season when its owners decided that it would not be successful financially. Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points for the Philadelphia Warriors in a regular season game played at Hersheypark Arena in 1962. Elizabethtown College hosted the 2015 NCAA Division III Wrestling Championships at the Giant Center. Christian Pulisic, the 23-year-old American soccer player who plays for Chelsea F.C. of England's Premier League and the United States men's national soccer team, is from Hershey. The Hershey Impact played in the NPSL indoor soccer league. The city is home to a number of high schools, including Pennsylvania State, Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania Tech, and Penn State University-Wilkes-Barre/Scranton. The town is also home to Hershey High School, where the football team won a state championship in 1998. The school's mascot is the "Hercules" and the school's colors are blue and white. The mayor of Hershey is a former mayor of the city, and the mayor is a current mayor. The borough has a population of 2.5 million, making it one of the largest cities in Pennsylvania. It is the second-largest city in the state behind New York City, with 1.6 million people. The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia, with 2.7 million people and 1.4 million people in the Philadelphia area.

Points of interest

The community is home to The Hershey Company, which makes the well-known Hershey Bar and Hershey's Kisses. The original Hershey Chocolate Factory, located downtown along Chocolate Avenue, was closed in 2012 due to high operational costs. Every October since 1955, the Antique Automobile Club of America have hosted the AACA Eastern Fall Meet here. The Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and the Milton Hershey School for underprivileged youth are also located in Hershey. The community is also home to four world-class golf courses, a few museums, The Hotel Hershey, and an opulent spa. The Pennsylvania State Police Academy is located north along Hersheypark Drive, and the Derry Township Police Department is a nationally recognized law enforcement agency. H. B. Reese Candy Company, manufacturer of Reese's Peanut Butter Cups, is also based in the community, as is the Hershey Children's Museum and Hershey's Chocolate World, a factory store and virtual tour ride of the company. The town is also the home to the Hersheys Country Club, a world-renowned golf course, and ZooAmerica, a popular amusement park with a capacity of 30,000. It is also host to the Cocoa Bean Game, a high school football game between Hershey High School and Milton S. Hershey High School football teams. The city's largest employer is Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company, who own and operate Hersheyl Park and other attractions such as ZooAmerica.

In popular culture

Hershey Park plays a large role in the American Dad episode "May the Best Stan Win" where Stan must fight his cyborg clone for the affection of his wife Francine. There is even a musical number called "At Hershey Park" sung by a chorus of back-up singers at the park. In The Simpsons episode "Homerland", Homer says: "Ive never prayed to a city in my life and if I did itd be Hershey, Pennsylvania" In Mad Men, Donald Draper was raised in a brothel in Hershey. The Good Doctor revealed that Shaun Murphy's (main character) love interest, Lea (played by Paige Spara) is moving to Hershey to work in her family's auto body shop. The town was also named in The Good doctor, when it was revealed that Lea's boyfriend, Shaun Murphy, is moving there to work for his family. The city is also featured in the film "The Big Lebowski" and the TV series "American Horror Story: Coven" The town is also mentioned in the movie "The Godfather: Part II", in which the main character, Frank Sinatra, visits Hershey for the first time. In the film, the town is referred to as "Pennsylvania" and is mentioned as the location of the town of Hershey in the novel "Gone With The Wind" The city also appears in the book "The Great Gatsby" as well as the film's sequel, "The Second City".

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania = 15.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 67. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 40. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Hershey = 4.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 13,858 individuals with a median age of 43.1 age the population dropped by -0.94% in Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 969.23 residents per square mile of area (374.23/km²). There are average 2.2 people per household in the 5,458 households with an average household income of $52,882 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.10% of the available work force and has dropped -4.74% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.42%. The number of physicians in Hershey per 100,000 population = 334.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Hershey = 43 inches and the annual snowfall = 25.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 116. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 200. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 19.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania which are owned by the occupant = 49.84%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 37 years with median home cost = $201,170 and home appreciation of 1.09%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $15.32 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,284 per student. There are 15.7 students for each teacher in the school, 721 students for each Librarian and 401 students for each Counselor. 5.97% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 21.32% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 20.61% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Hershey's population in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania of 1,869 residents in 1900 has increased 7,41-fold to 13,858 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 53.20% female residents and 46.80% male residents live in Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania.

    As of 2020 in Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania are married and the remaining 41.15% are single population.

  • 20 minutes is the average time that residents in Hershey require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    76.74% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.86% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.36% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.77% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 49.84% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.42% are rented apartments, and the remaining 8.74% are vacant.

  • The 47.17% of the population in Hershey, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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