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Spring

Spring, Texas

  •   State: 
    Texas
      County: 
    Harris County
      City: 
    Spring
      County FIPS: 
    48201
      Coordinates: 
    30°3′15″N 95°23′13″W
      Area total: 
    23.6 sq mi (61.0 km²)
      Area land: 
    23.2 sq mi (60.1 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.3 sq mi (0.9 km²)
      Elevation: 
    121 ft (37 m)
      Established: 
    1836
  •   Latitude: 
    29,7713
      Longitude: 
    -95,6123
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    77279
    77373
    77379
    77383
    77387
    77388
    77389
    77391
      GMAP: 

    Spring, Harris County, Texas, United States

  •   Population: 
    108,250
      Population density: 
    2,700 residents per square mile of area (1,000/km²)
      Household income: 
    $66,379
      Households: 
    15,362
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.25%

Spring is a census-designated place (CDP) within the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Houston in Harris County, Texas, United States. The name "Spring" is popularly applied to a large area of northern Harris County and a smaller area of southern Montgomery County. The original town of Spring, now known as Old Town Spring, is located at the intersection of Spring-Cypress and Hardy roads and encompasses a relatively small area of perhaps 1 square kilometer (0.39 sq mi) It was originally inhabited by the Orcoquiza Native Americans. In the 1970s, Houston's suburbs began to expand to the north, and more subdivisions and residential areas opened in the Spring area. The Goodyear airship America was based in Spring from its large hangar visible just off Interstate 45 from 1969 to 1992. In 1992 the America was moved to Akron, Ohio, and the massive hangar was eventually torn down. As of 2020, Spring has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, stifling, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. In 2010, the racial makeup of the CDP was 63.8% White, 19.5% African American, 04% Asian, 3.1% Pacific Islander, 93% from other races, and 2.3% or more from two more more or two more races. The population of Spring was 62,559 at the 2020 census. It is part of the HoustonThe WoodlandsSugar Land metropolitan area.

History

Spring is the primary city name, but also Klein are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Spring, Texas. In 1836, the Texas General Council of the Provisional Government placed what is now the town of Spring in the Harrisburg municipality. By the mid-1840s, many German immigrants, including Gus Bayer and Carl Wunsche, moved to the area and began farming. People from Louisiana and other parts of the post-Civil War Southern U.S. settled in Spring. The main cash crops in Spring were sugar cane and cotton; area residents also grew vegetables. In the 1970s, Houston's suburbs began to expand to the north, and more subdivisions and residential areas opened in the Spring area. The Goodyear airship America was based in Spring from its large hangar visible just off Interstate 45 from 1969 to 1992. In 1992 the America was moved to Akron, Ohio, and the massive hangar was eventually torn down. As of 2020, the hangar's concrete foundation is still visible at the intersection of Holzwarth Road and Meadow Edge Lane west of Lowe's Home Improvement Center. The 1992 Log Cabin Republicans convention was held in Spring and Spring had 33,111 residents in 1990. The Spring State Bank opened in 1912. The bank was robbed several times in the 1930s; it was stated that Bonnie and Clyde robbed the bank once. By 1947, Spring had 700 residents. The Old Town Spring Association opened in 1980 to promote the Old Town spring shopping area, which consists of the restored houses. In 1984 and 1989, the spring area had 15,000 residents. By 1989, Old Townspring became a tourist area.

Geography

Spring is located at 30°315N 95°2313W (30.054127, -95.386991).According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 23.6 square miles (61.0 km²) The climate in this area is characterized by hot, stifling, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Spring has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. The area has a population of 2,788. The CDP is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, which is home to the city of San Francisco and the Bay Area Air Force Base, which has a base at San Francisco International Airport. The city of Spring is in the California Bay Area and is located near the California-Nevada border. The town has an elevation of 30.2 feet (9.7 meters) and a population in excess of 1,000. It is located on the San Diego River, which flows through the town of Spring and into the San Jose Bay Area. It has a climate of hot, humid summer months and cool, humid winter months. It also has a hot, dry, and dry winter months and a dry, dry spring and summer. The community has a high school football team, the Spring Highlanders, which competes in high school and college football tournaments. The high school has a football team that competes for the California State Championship.

Demographics

As of the 2020 U.S. census, there were 62,559 people, 20,185 households, and 15,092 families residing in the CDP. As of the census of 2010, the population was 54,298 people, 18,050 households and 14,068 families. In 2000, the racial makeup of the C DP was 83.01% White, 6.99% African American, 0.51% Native American, 1.42% Asian, 0,13% Pacific Islander, 5.62% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 16.06% of the population. The median income for a household in theCDP was $56,662, and $60,934 for a family as of 2000. The per capita income was $21,027. About 3.1% of families and 4.1%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.5% ofThose age 65 or over. The CDP has a population of 63,298, with 19,191 housing units, and a population density of 2,300.8 people per square mile (890.1/km²). The racial make-up of the community was 63.8% white, 19.5%. African American was 0.6%. Native American was 3%.1%. Asian was 1.4%.

Government and infrastructure

Spring is located in Harris County Precinct 3. It is in Texas's 2nd congressional district. The designated U.S. Postal Service post office is the Spring Post Office at 1411 Wunsche Loop. The Spring Fire Department serves areas within the Spring CDP and some areas outside the CDP with Spring addresses. Harris County Housing Authority operates Louetta Village, a public housing complex for seniors near Spring. The Harris Health System designated the E. A. "Squatty" Lyons Health Center in Humble for the ZIP code 77373. Spring is in District 150 of the Texas House of Representatives; as of 2017 Valoree Swanson represents the district. Spring was in Precinct 4 until a redistricting plan approved in October 2021. As of 2022 Tom Ramsey heads the precinct. The CDP is served by Harris County Sheriff's Office District II Patrol, headquartered from the Humble Substation at 7900 Will Clayton Parkway. Montgomery County operates a Recycling Center at 1122 Pruitt Road in an unincorporated area of Montgomery County, north of Spring. Spring's designated public hospital is Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital in northeast Houston. The post office serves around 80,000 people; it has a Spring postal address. Spring has a ZIP code of 77373; it is in the North Harris County Regional Water Authority's Voting District No. 5. The water authority was created on June 18, 1999; voters voted to confirm the creation of the authority in a special election on January 15, 2000.

Economy

ExxonMobil plans to build a corporate campus in unincorporated Harris County along Interstate 45, adjacent to the Spring CDP. The 9,000-employee campus opened in 2014, and is due to become ExxonMobil's new headquarters as announced in 2022, after moving from its campus Irving, Texas. Employees from over two dozen locations in Greater Houston are expected to be consolidated into the new facility. The campus is set to be completed by 2022, when ExxonMobil is expected to announce its new headquarters in New York City and Washington, D.C. The new headquarters will be located at the former ExxonMobil plant in Irving, which will be torn down and replaced by a new, larger facility. ExxonMobil will move its headquarters from Irving to New York in 2022. The company plans to consolidate thousands of employees from Houston and Fairfax County, Virginia into the facility. It is expected that the new campus will be completed in 2014. It will be the company's second headquarters in the U.S., after a new facility in Irving was completed in 2007. The current ExxonMobil headquarters is located in Irving and will be finished in 2017. The facility is set for completion in 2018, and will have a capacity of 10,000 employees, with an additional 5,000 to 7,000 more to be added after the completion of a second phase of the project. The project is scheduled to cost $1.5 billion to $3 billion. It was announced in 2010 that ExxonMobil planned to build the campus in Harris County.

Education

All residents are zoned to Spring High School. Carl Wunsche Sr. High School is in the Spring CDP. Montgomery County residents with Spring addresses attend schools in Conroe Independent School District. Private schools: Langtry Preparatory Academy, St. Edward Catholic School, and St. John XXIII High School, all in Greater Houston. Spring was served by the Spring Common School District until 1935. The Southwell School, the segregated African-American school, served Spring from the early 1900s until 1945. Spring ISD planned to have built a new elementary school and High School #4 within the spring of 2015, and Middle School #8 (Springwoods Village) is scheduled to open in fall 2020. The district proposed redrawing the attendance boundaries of its high schools; this would take effect in the 2020-2021 school year. Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Texas, the district delayed the high school boundary changes until at least 2022-2023. In 2013 Saint John XX III High School opened in 2013 with 9th grade and did not serve all grade levels. The school was not affiliated with the archdiocese, and was temporarily used as a clubhouse. It was not permanent, and it had students temporarily used in the Ponderosa apartment facility. In 2003, an all boys' high school in central Houston, has bus service from the Spring area. It is located off the intersection of Road 2920 and Gosling Road, in a 51-acre campus.

Parks and recreation

Harris County Precinct 4 operates parks in the Spring CDP. The Cypresswood Golf club leases the land from Harris County and maintains the facilities. The Mercer Arboretum and Botanic Gardens is south of and adjacent to Spring. Old Town Spring is an old town with over 150 shops, restaurants, and art galleries in Spring, a community in unincorporated Harris County, Texas. A water park called Six Flags Hurricane Harbor SplashTown is located in Spring. In 2015, a parish of the Greater Church of Lucifer opened in the town, which resulted in over a hundred protestors. The Greater church of Lucifer closed in April 2016. The Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion in The Woodlands is in proximity to Spring and the Spring-The Woodlands Expressway. The town is rumored to have been a robbery victim of Bonnie and Clyde in the 1920s and 1930s. At one time the town had as many as five saloons and a gambling hall. The small town grew consistently until the early 20th century. It thrived on the booming railroad business in South Texas and resulting industrialization. After the Depression, Prohibition, and a relocation of the railroad headquarters, the small town slowly declined in population until Houston's Oil boom in the 1970s and 1980s brought merchants back to the area to make the town what it is today. It is north of the city of Houston and outside Beltway 8. Many of the original buildings, some over a 100 years old, now house places to buy antiques, collectibles, clothing, and gifts.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Spring, Harris County, Texas = 15.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 37. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 11. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Spring = 6.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 108,250 individuals with a median age of 34.9 age the population grows by 22.88% in Spring, Harris County, Texas population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,700 residents per square mile of area (1,000/km²). There are average 2.91 people per household in the 15,362 households with an average household income of $66,379 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.40% of the available work force and has dropped -2.52% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.56%. The number of physicians in Spring per 100,000 population = 213.7.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Spring = 49.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 104. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 207. 94 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 41.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 23, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Spring, Harris County, Texas which are owned by the occupant = 72.34%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 25 years with median home cost = $108,110 and home appreciation of -4.08%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $20.09 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,396 per student. There are 15.8 students for each teacher in the school, 760 students for each Librarian and 537 students for each Counselor. 6.97% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.18% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.20% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Spring's population in Harris County, Texas of 1,366 residents in 1900 has increased 1,94-fold to 2,651 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.90% female residents and 49.10% male residents live in Spring, Harris County, Texas.

    As of 2020 in Spring, Harris County, Texas are married and the remaining 36.48% are single population.

  • 32.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Spring require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    83.01% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.96% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.67% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.73% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Spring, Harris County, Texas, 72.34% are owner-occupied homes, another 22.56% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.11% are vacant.

  • The 48.52% of the population in Spring, Harris County, Texas who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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