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City of Charlottesville

  •   State: 
    Charlottesville City
      County FIPS: 
    38°01′48″N 78°28′44″W
      Area total: 
    10.27 sq mi
      Area land: 
    10.25 sq mi (26.55 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.02 sq mi (0.05 km²)
    594 ft (181 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Charlottesville, VA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Charlottesville, Charlottesville City, Virginia, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    4,541.76 residents per square mile of area (1,753.41/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Charlottesville, Virginia, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is the county seat of Albemarle County, which surrounds the city, though the two are separate legal entities. At the 2020 census, the population was 46,553. Charlottesville was the home of two presidents, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe. It was situated along a trade route called Three Notched Road (present day U.S. Route 250), which led from Richmond to the Great Valley. The town took its name from the British queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The University of Virginia, founded by Jefferson, straddles the city's southwestern border. In the fall of 1958, Charlottesville closed its segregated schools as part of the Virginia's strategy of massive resistance to federal orders requiring integration. In 2001, the Charlottesville and Albemle Branches of the NAACP merged to form the Albemre-Charlottesville-Charl Charlottesville Branch. The city is the heart of the Charlottesville metropolitan area, which includes Albemorle, Buckingham, Fluvanna, Greene, and Nelson counties, and is home to more than 100,000 people. It has a population of approximately 150,000, making it one of the most densely populated cities in the United States, with more than 10,000 residents per square mile (3,000 km) of land. The population of Charlottesville is about 46,000. The City of Charlottesville was established in 1762 by an Act of the Assembly of Charlottesville County.


Charlottesville is the primary city name, but also Charlottesvle are acceptable city names or spellings, Chville on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Charlottesville. Charlottesville was established in 1762. It was spared the brunt of the American Civil War. After the Civil War, emancipated slaves established communities in neighborhoods such as Vinegar Hill. The Ku Klux Klan had chapters in the Charlottesville area beginning at least in the early twentieth century. In the fall of 1958, Charlottesville closed its segregated white schools as part of Virginia's strategy of massive resistance to federal court orders requiring integration. In 1965, the city government razed the downtown African American neighborhood VinegarHill as an urban renewal project. In 2001, the Charlottesville and Albemarle Branches of the NAACP merged to form the Albamarle-Charlottesville NAACP Branch. The city is home to the University of Virginia and the Virginia Museum of History and Art, which was founded in 1859. The Charlottesville Museum of Art was founded c. 182030. It is located in the historic center of the city, on the corner of Main Street and Emancipation Avenue. The museum is open to the public and has a collection of artworks, photographs, and other works of art by Virginia artists. It also has a museum of African-American history and culture, which dates back to the 17th century. The Museum of African American History and Culture is based in Charlottesville, Virginia, and was opened in 1858. It has a gallery of photographs that includes the Charlottesville Factory, a woolen clothing factory that was taken over by the Confederacy and used to manufacture clothing for the soldiers.


Charlottesville has a four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with all months being well-watered, though the period from May to September is the wettest. Summers are hot and humid, with July averaging 77.6 °F (25.3 °C) and the high exceeding 90°F (32°C) on 34.4 or more days per year. Snowfall is highly variable from year to year but is normally moderate, averaging 17.0 inches (43 cm) The city is 99 miles (159 km) from Washington, D.C. and 72 miles (116km) from Richmond. It is located in the center of the Commonwealth of Virginia along the Rivanna River, a tributary of the James, just west of the Southwest Mountains, itself paralleling the Blue Ridge about 20 miles (32 km) to the west. The city has a total area of 10.3 square miles (27 km²) according to the U.S. Census Bureau, virtually all of which is land. It has a January average of 36.2 °C (2.3°F), though lows can fall into the teens on some nights and highs frequently (11 days in January) reach 50 °f (10 °C), most recently on September 7, 1954. In the summer, the average high temperature is 77.5 °F. The average low temperature is 66.7 °C, most recently in July.


As of the census of 2010, there were 43,475 people, 17,778 households, and 7,518 families residing in the city. The city's low median age and the "bulge" in the 18-to-24 age group are both due to the presence of the University of Virginia. 20% of Charlottesville residents have a graduate or professional degree, compared with 10% in the United States as a whole. In 2013 there were a total of 371 crimes reported; of these 38 were violent crimes and 333 were property crimes. The total crime index for Charlottesville was 487.9 crimes committed per 100,000 citizens for the year of 2006; the national average for the U.S. was 320.9. Charlottesville is part of Virginia's 5th congressional district, represented by Republican Bob Good, elected in 2020. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. The US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race. The median income for the city was $44,535, and the median income of a family was $63,934. About 10.5% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% ofThose age 65 or over. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was2.91. Charlottesville ranked higher on all violent crimes except for robbery; the city ranked lower in all categories of property crimes except larceny theft.


Charlottesville is the home of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory headquarters, the Leander McCormick Observatory and the CFA Institute. It is served by two area hospitals, the Martha Jefferson Hospital founded in 1903, and the University of Virginia Hospital. The National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) is in the Charlottesville area. Other large employers include Crutchfield, Emerson Automation Solutions, PepsiCo and SNL Financial. Charlottesville has nine breweries within or near its city limits: South Street Brewery (owned by Blue Mountain Brewery), Champion Brewing Company, Three Notch'd Brewing Company and Wild Wolf Brewing Company. The first brewery in the city was Blue Ridge Brewery, located on West Main Street, and was owned and managed by grandchildren of writer William Faulkner. Starr Hill Brewery was originally based in Charlottesville but is today located in Crozet, Virginia, 13 miles west of the city. In 2016, Charlottesville had a 3.3% unemployment rate. As of 2016, 11,129 people work for the government, with 376 working for the federal government, 7,796 working for. the state government, and 2,957 working. for the local government. 42% of those commuting to Charlottesville live in Albemarle County. 51% ofThose commuting from Charlottesville work in AlbEMARle County, and 11,497 people commute from Charlottesville outside of theCity for employment. According to the city's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report the largest employers in the City are: Schlumberger, Coca-Cola, and PepsiCo.

Attractions and culture

Charlottesville has a large series of attractions and venues for its relatively small size. Visitors come to the area for wine and beer tours, ballooning, hiking, and world-class entertainment that perform at one of the area's four larger venues. The city is both the launching pad and home of the Dave Matthews Band as well as the center of a sizable indie music scene. Charlottesville hosts multiple orchestral groups including the Blue Ridge Chamber Orchestra, Youth Orchestras of Central Virginia, and the Charlottesville Symphony at the University of Virginia. The nearby Shenandoah National Park offers recreational activities, scenic mountains and hiking trails. The Blue Ridge Parkway, a similar scenic drive that extends 469 miles (755 km) south to Great Smoky Mountains National Park in North Carolina, terminates at the southern entrance of ShenandoAH, where it turns into Skyline Drive. This junction of the two scenic drives is only 22 miles (35 km) west of downtown Charlottesville. It is home to the Virginia Discovery Museum and a 3,500 seat outdoor amphitheater, the Ting Pavilion (formerly the Sprint Pavilion and the nTelos Wireless Pavilion). Court Square, just a few blocks from the Downtown Mall, is the original center of Charlottesville and several of the historic buildings there date back to the city's founding in 1762. The Corner is the commercial district abutting the main grounds of the University Of Virginia along University Avenue. This area is full of college bars, eateries, and University merchandise stores, and is busy with student activity during the school year.


Charlottesville has no professional sports teams, but is home to the University of Virginia's athletic teams. The Cavaliers field teams in sports from soccer to basketball, and have modern facilities that draw spectators throughout the year. The Virginia Men's team won their first NCAA Championship in 1972; in 2006, they won their fourth National Championship and were the first team to finish undefeated in 17 games. Virginia's Women's team has three NCAA Championships to its credit, with wins in 1991, 1993, and 2004. The baseball team, has enjoyed a resurgence in recent years, after hosting several regionals and Super Regionals in the post-season, and playing in the 2009, 2011, and 2014 College World Series. Charlottesville is a hotbed for lacrosse in the country, with teams such as St. Anne's-Belfield School, The Covenant School, Tandem Friends School, Charlottesville Catholic School, and Albemarle High School. The Charlottesville Tom Sox of the Valley Baseball League won the 2017 & 2019 league championships. Charlottesville Alliance FC, a soccer team who compete in the NPSL. The team won the VHSL Group AA boys' soccer championship in 2004. Their home stadium is Crutchfield Park at Charlottesville high School. Charlottesville High School won its fourth state private-school championship in ten years in football in 2006. The covenant School won the statePrivate-school title in boys' cross country in the 2007-2008 school year, the second win in as many years. Monticello High School's boys'soccer team were state champs again in 2019, when it won theVHSL Class 4A Championship.

Government and politics

Charlottesville is one of the few Democratic bastions in heavily Republican central Virginia. It has swung particularly hard to the Democrats since the 1990s, in tandem with the growing Democratic trend in areas dominated by college towns. The City Council appoints the City Manager, the Director of Finance, the City Assessor, the Clerk of the council, and members of major policy-making Boards and Commissions. The mayor presides over meetings, calls special meetings, makes some appointments to advisory boards, and serves as the ceremonial head of government. The current city council are: Michael Signorile, Michael Wolraich, Michael Gershwin, Michael Hetzer, and Michael McKeever. The city council is made up of five members, elected through at-large districts. The members serve four-year terms, and every two years, they select a councilor to serve as mayor. The council is also responsible for appointing the city manager and the city assessor, among other positions. It is the only city in central Virginia that has a mayor who is also a member of the Virginia House of Representatives, which is controlled by Democrats. The state legislature has a Democratic majority, but the city has a Republican majority in the state Senate, which has been controlled by the GOP since the 1980s. The Republican governor of Virginia, Bob McDonnell, has been in office since 1999. The Democratic mayor of Charlottesville, Mark Warner, was in office from 1999 to 2007. The Democrat mayor of Richmond, Mary Burke, was elected in 2008.


Charlottesville is served by the Charlottesville City Public Schools. The University of Virginia, one of the original Public Ivies, is located in the City of Charlottesville and the County of Albemarle. Piedmont Virginia Community College maintains several locations in Charlottesville. Charlottesville also has the following private schools: Charlottesville Waldorf School, The Covenant School, St. Anne's-Belfield School, Village School and The Virginia Institute of Autism. City children also attend several private schools in the surrounding county: Charlottesville Catholic School and the International School of Charlottesville. Jefferson-Madison Regional Library is the regional library system that provides services to the citizens of the city and surrounding county. The Charlottesville Public Library serves the City and surrounding counties, as well as the City's suburbs of Charlottesville, Roanoke, Lynchburg, Richmond, Frederick and Frederick, and Frederick County. The city's public library system provides services for the City, County, and surrounding areas. The City and County of Charlottesville share a library system, the Jefferson-Madison Public Library System, which serves Charlottesville and nearby counties, including Charlottesville, Frederick, Lees-McGee, Augusta, and Augusta County. Charlottesville's public school system operates six elementary schools, Walker Upper Elementary School, Buford Middle School and Charlottesville High School. It operated Lane High School jointly with Albamarle County from 1940 to 1974. Jackson P. Burley High School, a segregated school for African American students, was in operation from 1951 to 1967 and served students from both the Cityof Charlottesville and AlbemArle County.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia = 69.7. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 70. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Charlottesville = 4.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 46,553 individuals with a median age of 32.2 age the population dropped by -7.93% in Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,541.76 residents per square mile of area (1,753.41/km²). There are average 2.21 people per household in the 17,943 households with an average household income of $38,976 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 5.90% of the available work force and has dropped -3.89% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.32%. The number of physicians in Charlottesville per 100,000 population = 1182.9.


The annual rainfall in Charlottesville = 46.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 20.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 122. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 219. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 26.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 48, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia which are owned by the occupant = 38.32%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 43 years with median home cost = $273,640 and home appreciation of 3.67%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.13 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,780 per student. There are 11.7 students for each teacher in the school, 394 students for each Librarian and 274 students for each Counselor. 3.26% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.93% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 22.46% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Charlottesville's population in Charlottesville City, Virginia of 6,449 residents in 1900 has increased 7,22-fold to 46,553 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 53.04% female residents and 46.96% male residents live in Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia.

    As of 2020 in Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia are married and the remaining 66.90% are single population.

  • 18.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Charlottesville require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    61.70% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.92% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 4.99% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 5.04% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia, 38.32% are owner-occupied homes, another 56.65% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.03% are vacant.

  • The 53.53% of the population in Charlottesville, Albemarle County, Virginia who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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